Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Scheme

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY): Empowering Women, Transforming Lives


Launched in May 2016 by the Government of India, the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) is a flagship social welfare scheme aimed at providing free Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) connections to women from below-poverty-line households. PMUY was introduced with the objective of promoting clean cooking fuel, reducing indoor air pollution, improving women’s health, and empowering women by relieving them from the drudgery of traditional cooking methods.
What is Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY)

PMUY’s Key Objectives and Features

1. Providing Free LPG Connections: PMUY provides free LPG connections to women of BPL families, along with a financial assistance of around ₹1,600 to cover the cost of the security deposit and the purchase of the first LPG cylinder and regulator.

2. Promoting Clean Cooking: By providing access to clean cooking fuel (LPG), PMUY aims to reduce indoor air pollution caused by traditional cooking methods that involve burning biomass or coal, which can have severe health implications, especially for women and children.

3. Empowering Women: PMUY is a significant step towards women’s empowerment, as the LPG connections are issued in the name of female members of BPL families, encouraging financial independence and decision-making power within households.
4. Health Benefits: The scheme contributes to better health outcomes, as cooking with LPG reduces exposure to harmful pollutants, leading to a decrease in respiratory diseases and other health issues prevalent among women using traditional cooking methods.
5. Environmental Impact: By promoting the use of LPG, PMUY contributes to reducing deforestation and environmental degradation caused by the excessive use of firewood and other biomass fuels.

Progress and Impact

Since its launch, PMUY has made substantial progress, reaching millions of households across India. The scheme has significantly improved the lives of women in rural and urban areas by providing them with a safer and more convenient alternative to traditional cooking methods. PMUY has also contributed to the increase in LPG coverage and consumption in the country.

Challenges and Future Prospects of PMUY

While PMUY has achieved remarkable success, challenges such as ensuring regular refills, promoting sustained usage, and addressing the needs of urban poor households remain. Continued awareness campaigns, efficient implementation, and addressing these challenges are essential for the long-term success and sustainability of the scheme.


Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana exemplifies the government’s commitment to improving the lives of women and families in India. By providing clean cooking fuel and empowering women economically and socially, PMUY has not only transformed households but has also contributed to a healthier environment and a more empowered society. As the scheme continues to evolve, its impact on the lives of millions of Indian women remains profound, showcasing the power of targeted social welfare programs in creating positive change.