What is the operating system?

In this lesson, we will give you complete information about the operating system. To facilitate the study, we have divided this lesson into the following sections.
  1. What are the operating systems
  2. Operating System Requirements / Work
  3. Different Types of Operating
  4. Features of Operating System
  5. Major Operating System Names
  6. what have you learned?

What is the operating system?

Operating System In short it is called an OS, a computer program that manages other computer programs. The operating system acts as an intermediary between the user and the computer. It explains our instructions to the computer. Other software programs and hardware are operated by the operating system.
operating system
operating system
Without an operating system the computer is an inanimate object. Because the operating system makes lifeless hardware worth working and other software programs on the hardware also offer the same functionality.

Operating System Requirements / Work

The operating system controls and manages the entire computer. By this, the computer is managed. Operating System gives the user the ability to work smoothly on a computer. The relationship between the operating system and the computer can be understood through a diagram (flow chart).
The relationship between the operating system and the computer
The relationship between the operating system and the computer

Some major functions of the operating system are below.

  1. The operating system makes it easy to use the computer properly.
  2. The operating system hides the hardware from heavy users from the user, so the user is not faced with a lot of information.
  3. The operating system provides the user with a simple tool so that he can easily work on the computer.
  4. Operating System acts as an intermediary between the user and the hardware so that the user can easily use the computer and its resources.
  5. Managing the computer and its resources is an important task of the operating system.

Different Types of Operating Systems

The operating system has always been with the computer. As the computer developed, the operating system also developed itself. The operating system is divided into several categories. But, we will learn some of the major types of operating systems here.

1. Multi-User Operating System

This operating system offers more than one user the ability to work together. On this operating system hundreds of users can do their own work at a time.

2. Single-user Operating System

Conversely, Single-User Operating System allows only one user to work at a time. Many users can not work at this time on this operating system.

3. Multitasking Operating System

This operating system lets the user run many different programs at once. On this operating system, you can also write E-mail at a time and also chat with your friends.

4. Multi Processing Operating System

This operating system allows a program to run on more than one CPU.

5. Multi Threading Operating System

This operating system lets a different part of the program run together.

6. Real Time Operating System

Real Time Operating System processes the input given by the user immediately. The Windows Operating System is the best example.
Operating System is a very essential program for computers. Without this, the computer is an inanimate object, it is not wrong to say that. Using a computer without an operating system can prove to be a very difficult task. To understand the relationship between the operating system and the computer, you can understand the diagram given above.

Operating system features

  • Tracks Primary Memory. Like, where is the use? How much memory is being used? And provides memory on demand.
  • Take care of the processor, which means it manages.
  • I agree to all the devices connected to the computer.
  • Computers both allow hardware and software.
  • Provides protection through passwords and other techniques.
  • Keeps track of the tasks performed by the computer and keeps track of them.
  • Keeps informed of errors and threats.
  • Coordinate between User and Computer Programs

Major Operating System Names

  • Windows OS
  • Mac OS
  • Linux OS
  • Ubuntu
  • Android OS
  • iOS
  • MS-DOS
  • Symbian OS
  • calyx

What have you learned?

We know that the computer’s hardware and other resources are operated by the operating system. Apart from this, the requirements of the operating system and some of its categories were also exposed. We hope this Lesson has proved useful to you.
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