National Gokul Mission

The National Gokul Mission (NGM) is an initiative launched by the Government of India to promote and conserve indigenous livestock breeds. The mission is particularly focused on indigenous cattle breeds, aiming to improve their productivity and genetic diversity. Gokul Mission seeks to enhance the livelihoods of farmers, especially those engaged in animal husbandry, and to preserve the unique genetic heritage of indigenous cattle breeds.

What is National Gokul Mission of Indian Government

National Gokul Mission’s Key Objectives and Components:

1. Conservation and Development of Indigenous Breeds: NGM aims to conserve and develop indigenous cattle breeds in a holistic and scientific manner. This involves setting up Gokul Grams, which are integrated indigenous cattle centers for breeding and conservation.

2. Enhancing Milk Productivity: The mission focuses on improving milk productivity of indigenous cattle breeds through selective breeding, superior nutrition, and healthcare management.
3. Capacity Building: NGM emphasizes the training and capacity building of farmers and stakeholders in scientific animal husbandry practices, including proper nutrition, healthcare, and breeding techniques.

4. Establishment of Integrated Cattle Development Centers: Integrated Cattle Development Centers are established to provide scientific breeding services, healthcare facilities, and nutrition management. These centers serve as hubs for breed improvement activities.
5. Promotion of Sustainable Practices: NGM encourages sustainable practices such as organic farming, efficient utilization of resources, and promoting the use of traditional knowledge in animal husbandry.
6. Creation of Infrastructure: The mission involves the creation and strengthening of infrastructure, including veterinary hospitals, semen banks, and research facilities, to support the development and conservation efforts.
7. Market Linkages: NGM facilitates market linkages for livestock products, ensuring that farmers get fair prices for their produce, thus enhancing their income.

Benefits of National Gokul Mission:

Preservation of Indigenous Breeds: NGM helps in preserving indigenous cattle breeds, which are well adapted to local conditions and possess unique genetic traits.
Improved Livelihoods: By enhancing milk productivity and providing market linkages, NGM contributes to the economic well-being of farmers engaged in animal husbandry.
Conservation of Biodiversity: The mission contributes to the conservation of biodiversity by protecting indigenous cattle breeds from extinction.
Promotion of Sustainable Agriculture: By encouraging sustainable agricultural practices, NGM promotes eco-friendly and sustainable farming methods.


The National Gokul Mission plays a vital role in conserving India’s rich livestock heritage and supporting the livelihoods of farmers. By integrating traditional knowledge with modern scientific techniques, NGM aims to create a sustainable ecosystem for indigenous cattle breeds, ensuring their survival for future generations.