Gobar Dhan Yojana

The Gobar Dhan Yojana, officially known as the Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources (GOBAR) – DHAN scheme, is an initiative by the Government of India to promote the management and conversion of cattle dung and solid waste into compost, biogas, and other valuable products. Launched in April 2018, the scheme aims to support sustainable agricultural practices, enhance farmers’ income, and promote cleanliness in rural areas.
What is Gobar Dhan Yojana

Key Objectives and Features of Gobar Dhan Yojana:

1. Waste to Wealth: The primary objective of the Gobar Dhan Yojana is to convert cattle dung and organic waste into valuable products, such as compost and biogas, which can be utilized for agricultural purposes.
2. Biogas Production: The scheme promotes the installation of biogas plants in rural households using cattle dung and other organic waste materials. Biogas can be used for cooking, lighting, and other energy needs, reducing the dependency on traditional fuel sources.
3. Compost Production: Organic waste, including crop residues and kitchen waste, is processed to produce high-quality compost. This compost serves as a natural fertilizer, enhancing soil fertility and promoting organic farming practices.

4. Additional Income for Farmers: By participating in the Gobar Dhan Yojana, farmers can generate additional income by selling biogas, compost, and other products derived from organic waste. This supplementary income contributes to rural economic development.
5. Clean Energy: The use of biogas as a clean energy source reduces the emission of harmful gases and contributes to environmental conservation. It also helps in reducing indoor air pollution, benefiting the health of rural households.
6. Promotion of Rural Entrepreneurship: The scheme encourages the involvement of local entrepreneurs, self-help groups, and farmers’ cooperatives in managing the biogas plants and the sale of compost and other products, fostering rural entrepreneurship.
7. Improving Rural Sanitation: Proper management of cattle dung and organic waste reduces environmental pollution and enhances the overall cleanliness and sanitation in rural areas.

8. Community Participation: The Gobar Dhan Yojana emphasizes community participation and awareness, promoting the adoption of sustainable waste management practices among rural communities.
The Gobar Dhan Yojana aligns with the government’s efforts to promote sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, and environmental conservation. By efficiently managing organic waste, the scheme not only supports farmers but also contributes to the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission) and the overall development of rural areas in India.