Gadar Party:

The Gadar Party was a political and social organization founded by Indian expatriates in the United States and Canada during the early 20th century. The party played a significant role in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. The term “Gadar” means “revolt” or “rebellion” in Punjabi.
Formation of Gadar Movement - Komagata Maru Incident - Hindustan Ghadar Party - Key features and events related to the Gadar Party
Gadar Party
Key features and events related to the Gadar Party include:

1. Formation:

The Gadar Party was formed in 1913 by Indian immigrants, many of whom were Sikh farmers working in the western United States and Canada. The party aimed at liberating India from British rule.

2. Gadar Movement:

The party launched the Gadar Movement, which sought to coordinate efforts for India’s independence. The movement gained momentum during World War I when the British government sought support from India for the war effort.

3. Publication of Gadar:

The Gadar Party published a weekly newspaper called “The Gadar” in Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, and English. The newspaper served as a platform for spreading nationalist ideas and encouraging Indians to join the struggle for independence.

4. Komagata Maru Incident: 

In 1914, the Gadar Party was involved in the Komagata Maru incident. The Komagata Maru was a Japanese steamship carrying Indian immigrants who were denied entry into Canada due to discriminatory immigration laws. The Gadar Party supported the passengers in their quest for justice.

5. Revolt and Plans for Uprising:

The Gadar Party members actively plotted against British rule in India. They aimed to incite a revolt against the British by collaborating with Indian soldiers stationed in Southeast Asia and other regions.

6. Hindustan Ghadar Party: 

The Gadar Party was later renamed the Hindustan Ghadar Party in 1915. Its leaders included Lala Hardayal, Sohan Singh Bhakna, and Kartar Singh Sarabha, among others.

7. Suppression by British Authorities: 

The British authorities closely monitored the activities of the Gadar Party and arrested several of its leaders. The party’s attempts to organize uprisings were largely foiled, and many leaders faced severe repression.

8. Legacy: 

Despite facing setbacks and being suppressed by the British, the Gadar Party left a lasting legacy in the history of India’s struggle for independence. It symbolized the spirit of resistance among Indian diaspora communities and their commitment to the cause of a free India.
The Gadar Party’s efforts are remembered as a significant chapter in the pre-independence history of India, reflecting the global dimensions of the struggle against colonialism.