Establishment of Muslim League:

The All-India Muslim League was established in 1906 in Dhaka, which was then a part of British India and is now the capital of Bangladesh. The formation of the Muslim League was a significant development in the political landscape of India, and it played a crucial role in advocating for the rights and interests of Muslims. 
Background - Partition of Bengal - M.A. Jinnah's Role - Objectives and Foundation of the Muslim League
Establishment of Muslim League
Here are the key events leading to the establishment of the Muslim League:


During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there was a growing sense of political awareness and mobilization among various communities in British India.
The Indian National Congress (INC), founded in 1885, emerged as a major political party advocating for Indian representation in governance and civil rights.

Partition of Bengal (1905):

The decision to partition Bengal in 1905 by Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India, was a significant factor leading to the establishment of the Muslim League.
The partition was seen by some as an attempt to divide and rule by creating religious divisions. It led to widespread protests and opposition.

Foundation of the Muslim League (1906):

The All-India Muslim League was founded on December 30, 1906, during the annual session of the All India Muhammadan Educational Conference in Dhaka.
Key leaders in the establishment of the Muslim League included Aga Khan, Nawab Salimullah of Dhaka, Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk, and others.
The establishment of the league aimed to safeguard the political rights and interests of Muslims and provide them with a platform to articulate their concerns.

Objectives of the Muslim League:

1. Protection of Muslim Rights: The Muslim League aimed to protect the political and economic rights of Muslims in India.
2. Separate Electorates: One of the early demands of the Muslim League was the provision of separate electorates for Muslims, ensuring their representation in legislative bodies.

Early Demands and the Lucknow Pact (1916):

The Lucknow Session of 1916 marked a significant development where the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress reached an understanding.
The Lucknow Pact included an agreement on separate electorates for Muslims and reserved seats for them in legislative councils.

M.A. Jinnah’s Role:

Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who later became the leader of the Muslim League and the Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader), played a crucial role in shaping the league’s policies and objectives.

After Independence:

The Muslim League’s demand for a separate nation for Muslims eventually led to the creation of Pakistan in 1947.
The establishment of the All-India Muslim League marked the beginning of organized political representation for Muslims in British India. Over the years, it became a key player in the struggle for independence and, later, in the creation of Pakistan.