Essay on Diwali:

Diwali – The Festival of Lights
Diwali, also known as Deepavali, is one of the most celebrated festivals in India and across the world. It is a festival of lights, joy, and togetherness, marking the victory of light over darkness and good over evil. The word “Diwali” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali,” which means a row of lights. This festival holds immense significance in various cultures and religions, including Hinduism, Jainism, Sikhism, and Buddhism.

Historical and Mythological Significance:

Diwali has its roots in ancient Indian mythology. For Hindus, it marks the return of Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, to Ayodhya after defeating the demon king Ravana. People lit oil lamps to illuminate his path and celebrate his homecoming. In Jainism, Diwali commemorates Lord Mahavira’s attainment of Nirvana. Sikhs celebrate Diwali to mark the release of Guru Hargobind Ji from imprisonment. Thus, Diwali signifies various historical and religious events across different traditions.
Historical and Mythological Significance - Festival Preparations - Diwali Rituals and Customs - Social Significance - Environmental Concerns of Diwali

Festival Preparations:

The excitement for Diwali starts weeks before the festival. People clean and decorate their homes, creating intricate rangoli patterns at the entrances. Homes and streets are adorned with colorful lights, diyas (oil lamps), and lanterns. Shopping for new clothes, sweets, and gifts is a common practice during this time. Families come together to prepare delicious sweets and savory dishes, enhancing the festive spirit.

Diwali Rituals and Customs:

Diwali celebrations typically begin with a special puja (prayer ceremony) performed to seek the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. People light diyas and candles, offer prayers, and exchange sweets and gifts with friends and family. Fireworks are an integral part of Diwali, symbolizing the victory of light over darkness and dispelling negativity.

Social Significance:

Diwali promotes social harmony and strengthens relationships. It encourages forgiveness, reconciliation, and letting go of grudges. It is a time when people visit each other, exchange greetings, and participate in community events, fostering a sense of unity and belonging.

Environmental Concerns:

In recent years, there has been a growing awareness about the environmental impact of Diwali celebrations, especially due to excessive use of fireworks. Many communities are now opting for eco-friendly celebrations, encouraging people to light diyas, use LED lights, and celebrate a noise-free and pollution-free Diwali.


Diwali, with its rich cultural, historical, and spiritual significance, embodies the spirit of hope, positivity, and enlightenment. It teaches us the importance of light, knowledge, and compassion in our lives. Beyond the glittering decorations and festive indulgences, Diwali serves as a reminder to spread happiness, kindness, and love, making it not just a festival of lights but also a festival of hearts.