Child labor:

Child labor refers to the exploitation of children through any form of work that deprives them of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular schools, and is mentally, physically, socially, or morally harmful. Child labor is a pervasive issue globally, affecting millions of children, and it is considered a violation of their rights.
Key points about child labor include:

1. Forms of Child Labor:

Child labor can take various forms, including hazardous work in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, domestic service, and informal sectors. Children may be engaged in activities that compromise their health, safety, and well-being.

2. Causes:

Poverty is often a major factor contributing to child labor. Families in poverty may rely on the income generated by children to meet basic needs. Lack of access to education, social protection, and decent work for adults can exacerbate the problem.
Causes and Forms of Child Labor - Impact on Education and Health Risks -  Legal Framework and Corporate Responsibility of Child Labor
Child labor

3. Impact on Education:

Child labor deprives children of the opportunity to receive a proper education. Many working children are unable to attend school regularly, leading to a cycle of poverty and limited opportunities for future advancement.

4. Health Risks:

Children engaged in hazardous labor face risks to their physical and mental health. Exposure to dangerous substances, long working hours, and inadequate safety measures can have severe consequences for their well-being.

5. Legal Framework:

International organizations, governments, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work together to address child labor. Various international conventions, such as the International Labour Organization’s (ILO) Convention No. 182, call for the prohibition and immediate action to eliminate the worst forms of child labor.

6. Efforts to Combat Child Labor:

Efforts to combat child labor include legislation and policies at national and international levels, advocacy for children’s rights, and initiatives aimed at improving access to education and creating economic opportunities for families.

7. Corporate Responsibility:

Businesses are increasingly recognizing the importance of addressing child labor within their supply chains. Many companies have adopted codes of conduct and ethical sourcing practices to ensure that their products are not produced using child labor.

8. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

Target 8.7 of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals aims to “take immediate and effective measures to eradicate forced labor, end modern slavery and human trafficking, and secure the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labor.”
Efforts to combat child labor require a multi-faceted approach, involving governments, businesses, civil society, and international organizations. The goal is to create an environment where children can enjoy their right to a childhood, education, and a safe and healthy environment.