Biography of Zail Singh:

Giani Zail Singh (1916–1994) was an Indian politician who served as the seventh President of India from 1982 to 1987. 
Here is a brief biography of Giani Zail Singh:

Early Life:

1. Birth:
Giani Zail Singh was born on May 5, 1916, in Sandhwan, Faridkot, Punjab (British India).
Early Life and Political Career - National Politics and Presidential Term - Post-Presidential Life and Death of Zail Singh
Biography of Zail Singh
2. Educational Background:
He received his education at Government Primary School in Bhagi Wander and later attended Guru Nanak High School in Faridkot.

Political Career of Zail Singh:

1. Entry into Politics:
Zail Singh entered politics at a young age and became associated with the Indian National Congress.
2. Role in State Politics:
He served in various capacities in state politics in Punjab, holding positions such as Minister of State for Revenue and Rehabilitation in the Punjab government.
3. Chief Minister of Punjab:
Zail Singh served as the Chief Minister of Punjab from 1972 to 1977.

National Politics:

1. Union Minister:
He held several ministerial positions in the Union Cabinet, including the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of Defence.
2. Election as President:
In 1982, Giani Zail Singh was elected as the President of India. He was the first Sikh to hold the office of the President.

Zail Singh’s Presidential Term:

1. Term Highlights:
During his term as President, India witnessed significant political developments, including the anti-Sikh riots following the assassination of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1984.
2. Operation Blue Star:
Zail Singh faced criticism for his role during Operation Blue Star, a military operation ordered by the government to remove militants from the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
3. Resignation from Congress:
Towards the end of his presidential term, Zail Singh resigned from the Indian National Congress in 1987.

Post-Presidential Life:

1. Formation of All India Indira Congress (I):
After resigning from the Congress, Zail Singh formed the All India Indira Congress (I) to support the policies of the late Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.
2. Retirement:
Giani Zail Singh retired from active politics after his term as President and spent the remaining years of his life in private life.

Death of Zail Singh:

1. Passing Away:
Giani Zail Singh passed away on December 25, 1994, at the age of 78.


1. Historical Significance:
Giani Zail Singh’s tenure as President was marked by several historical events and challenges, making his presidency a significant period in Indian political history.
2. Memorials and Remembrances:
Various institutions and memorials have been named in his honor, and his contributions are remembered in the political landscape of India.
Giani Zail Singh’s political career spanned several decades, and he held key positions both at the state and national levels. While his presidency faced challenges and controversies, he remains a notable figure in the political history of India.