Biography of Udham Singh:

Udham Singh, also known as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh, was an Indian revolutionary who is remembered for avenging the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. Here is a brief biography:

Early Life:

Birth: December 26, 1899, in Sunam, Punjab, British India (present-day Punjab, India).
Udham Singh’s birth name was Sher Singh.
Early Life and Jallianwala Bagh Massacre - Political Activism - Capture and Trial - Execution and Tributes to Udham Singh
Biography of Udham Singh

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:

Udham Singh was deeply affected by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre that took place on April 13, 1919, in Amritsar.
The massacre, in which hundreds of unarmed civilians were killed by British troops, left a lasting impact on him.

Udham Singh’s Political Activism:

Udham Singh became involved in political activism and was associated with the Ghadar Party, which aimed at achieving India’s independence from British rule.

Assassination of Michael O’Dwyer:

To avenge the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Udham Singh assassinated Michael O’Dwyer, the former Lieutenant Governor of Punjab, on March 13, 1940, in London.
O’Dwyer was one of the key figures responsible for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

Capture and Trial of Udham Singh:

After the assassination, Udham Singh was arrested and went on trial. During the trial, he stated that he wanted to make the world aware of the atrocities committed by the British in India.
He was sentenced to death.


Udham Singh was executed on July 31, 1940, at London’s Pentonville Prison.

Legacy of Udham Singh:

Udham Singh’s act of avenging the Jallianwala Bagh massacre made him a symbol of resistance against British oppression.
He is remembered as a freedom fighter and a martyr in the struggle for India’s independence.


In India, several places and institutions are named after Udham Singh to honor his sacrifice.
A Bollywood film titled “Sardar Udham” was released, depicting his life and the events leading to the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
Udham Singh’s actions were driven by a strong desire for justice and retribution for the innocent lives lost during the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. His sacrifice remains an integral part of India’s struggle for independence.