Biography of Tukaram

Tukaram, also known as Sant Tukaram, was a 17th-century Indian poet, saint, and religious philosopher who is considered one of the most significant figures in the Bhakti movement, a devotional movement within Hinduism. He was born in 1608 in Dehu, near Pune, in the state of Maharashtra, India. Here is a brief biography of his life:
Biography of Tukaram
Biography of Tukaram

Early Life and Background:

Tukaram was born into a Brahmin family in the town of Dehu, which is situated on the banks of the Indrayani River in Maharashtra. He was a simple farmer by profession and lived during a time when the region was under the rule of the Mughal Empire.

Tukaram’s Spiritual Journey and Bhakti Movement:

Tukaram’s life was transformed after he had a vision of the Hindu deity Lord Vitthal (an incarnation of Lord Krishna) at a young age. This experience led him on a spiritual journey, and he became a devoted worshiper of Lord Vitthal. Tukaram’s devotional songs and poetry were his way of expressing his profound love and devotion to God. He composed Abhanga devotional poetry, a unique form of Marathi poetry that focuses on the theme of Bhakti (devotion) and includes vivid imagery and metaphors.

Teachings and Philosophy:

Tukaram’s teachings emphasized the importance of devotion, humility, and self-surrender to God. He advocated a personal relationship with the divine, transcending caste, creed, and social status. His poetry often criticized social injustices and hypocrisy. Tukaram’s works have been widely read and revered, and his devotional hymns continue to be sung by millions of people, especially in the Bhakti tradition of Maharashtra.

Persecution and Miracles of Tukaram:

Tukaram faced opposition and persecution from orthodox religious authorities due to his radical teachings and devotion to God. However, according to popular belief, he performed many miracles and divine interventions, which endeared him to the common people and strengthened their faith in his spiritual authority.

Death and Legacy:

Tukaram passed away in 1649 in Hinganghat, Maharashtra. His legacy lives on through his devotional poetry, which has been compiled in various volumes such as the “Tukaram Gatha.” His teachings continue to inspire people, and his abhangas are sung in various devotional gatherings, especially during the Wari pilgrimage, an annual pilgrimage to the temple of Lord Vitthal in Pandharpur, Maharashtra.
Sant Tukaram’s life and teachings have had a profound impact on the religious and cultural landscape of Maharashtra and the broader Bhakti movement in India. He is remembered as a saint, poet, and spiritual luminary whose devotion to God and his powerful poetry continue to inspire generations of devotees.