Biography of Thiruvalluvar:

Thiruvalluvar, also known as Valluvar, was an Indian poet and philosopher. He is best known as the author of the Tirukkuṟaḷ, a collection of couplets on ethics, political and economic matters, and love. The text is considered an exceptional and widely cherished work of Tamil literature. Almost no authentic information is available about Valluvar’s life, and all major Indian religions, as well as Christian missionaries of the 19th century, have tried to claim him as secretly inspired or originally belonging to their tradition.
According to Kamil Zvelebil, a scholar of Tamil literature, Valluvar was “probably a learned Jain with eclectic leanings and intimate acquaintance with the early works of Tamil classical period and some knowledge of the Sanskrit legal and didactic texts (subhashita)”. Traditional biographies suggest that he lived in the town of Mylapore (a neighbourhood of the present-day Chennai) and his floruit is dated variously from the fourth century BCE to early fifth century CE, based on the traditional accounts and the linguistic analyses of his writings.
Valluvar has influenced a wide range of scholars down the ages since his time across the ethical, social, political, economical, religious, philosophical, and spiritual spheres. He has long been venerated as a great sage, and his literary works are considered a classic of Tamil culture.
Life and Period - Birthplace - Tirukkural - Philosophy and Teachings - Celebrations and Legacy of Thiruvalluvar
Biography of Thiruvalluvar

Brief biography of Thiruvalluvar:

Thiruvalluvar, also known as Valluvar, was a celebrated Tamil poet and philosopher who is best known for his work “Tirukkural.” Here is a brief biography of Thiruvalluvar:

Life and Period of Thiruvalluvar:

The exact time of Thiruvalluvar’s life is uncertain, and there is debate among historians about the period in which he lived.
It is generally believed that Thiruvalluvar lived sometime between the 4th and 1st centuries BCE.


Thiruvalluvar is traditionally associated with the town of Mylapore in present-day Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.


Thiruvalluvar’s most famous work is “Tirukkural” (also known as the “Kural”), a classic Tamil text consisting of 1330 couplets (kurals) organized into 133 chapters.
“Tirukkural” covers various aspects of life, including ethics, morality, governance, and personal conduct.
It is considered a masterpiece of Tamil literature and is revered for its universal wisdom.

Philosophy and Teachings  of Thiruvalluvar:

Thiruvalluvar’s teachings emphasize virtues such as righteousness, justice, honesty, and compassion.
His philosophy encourages a balanced and ethical life, promoting values that are applicable to individuals as well as rulers.
Thiruvalluvar’s insights into human nature and society continue to resonate across cultures.


Thiruvalluvar is often referred to as “Valluvar” in Tamil Nadu, and his contributions to literature and philosophy are highly celebrated.
“Tirukkural” has been translated into numerous languages, and its influence extends beyond Tamil Nadu to other parts of India and the world.
Thiruvalluvar is revered as a saint, and his statue can be found in various locations, including the southern entrance of the State Secretariat in Chennai.


Thiruvalluvar Day, also known as “Thiruvalluvar Day” or “Kural Peedam Day,” is celebrated annually on the 2nd day of the Tamil month of Thai (usually in January) to honor Thiruvalluvar and his contributions.
While the specific details of Thiruvalluvar’s life remain unclear, his impact on literature, philosophy, and ethics through “Tirukkural” has made him a revered figure in Tamil culture and beyond. The enduring popularity and influence of his work highlight the timeless wisdom encapsulated in the verses of “Tirukkural”.