Biography of Sushma Swaraj

Sushma Swaraj (14 February 1952 – 6 August 2019) was an Indian politician and a prominent leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). She served in various capacities within the Indian government and held several significant positions during her political career. Here is a detailed biography of her life:
Biography of Sushma Swaraj
Biography of Sushma Swaraj

Early Life and Education:

Sushma Swaraj was born in Ambala Cantt, Haryana, India. She studied law at Panjab University, Chandigarh, and later practiced as an advocate in the Supreme Court of India.

Sushma Swaraj’s Political Career:

Sushma Swaraj’s political journey began in the 1970s when she joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a Hindu nationalist organization. She later became associated with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and held various leadership positions within the party.

Member of Parliament:

Swaraj was elected as a Member of Parliament multiple times. She served as an MP for the first time in 1977 and later in 1980, 1989, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2006, and 2014. She was elected to the Lok Sabha (the lower house of India’s parliament) four times and to the Rajya Sabha (the upper house) three times.

Union Cabinet Minister:

Sushma Swaraj held several key positions in the Indian government. She served as the Minister of Information and Broadcasting under the government of Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee from 2000 to 2003. Later, she was appointed as the Minister of External Affairs, a position she held from 2014 to 2019 during the tenure of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. She was the second woman to hold the office of India’s Minister of External Affairs after Indira Gandhi.

Contributions and Achievements of Sushma Swaraj:

1. Foreign Policy and Diplomacy: As the Minister of External Affairs, Swaraj played a crucial role in shaping India’s foreign policy. She was known for her prompt and active response to issues faced by Indians abroad, especially on social media platforms.

2. Sushma Swaraj-Lalit Modi Row: Her tenure as the Minister of External Affairs was marked by a controversy involving former Indian Premier League (IPL) commissioner, Lalit Modi. Despite the controversy, Swaraj remained a respected figure within her party.

Personal Life:

Sushma Swaraj was married to Swaraj Kaushal, a senior advocate of the Supreme Court of India. The couple did not have children.


Sushma Swaraj passed away on 6 August 2019 at the age of 67 due to a cardiac arrest. Her untimely demise was mourned across the political spectrum, and she was widely praised for her contributions to Indian politics and her compassionate approach to public service.
Sushma Swaraj’s legacy lives on as she is remembered as a dedicated and influential leader who left a significant impact on India’s foreign policy and diplomacy.