Biography of Surya Sen:

Surya Sen, also known as Masterda Surya Sen, was a prominent Indian freedom fighter and revolutionary leader during the Indian independence movement. 
Here is a brief biography of Surya Sen:

Early Life:

Birth: Surya Sen was born on March 22, 1894, in Noapara, Chittagong District (now in Bangladesh).
Education: He completed his education at Chittagong Collegiate School and later attended the Behrampore College (Vidyasagar College) in Calcutta (now Kolkata).
Early Life and Entry into Revolutionary Activities - Chittagong Armoury Raid - Arrest and Execution - Legacy of Surya Sen
Biography of Surya Sen

Surya Sen’s Entry into Revolutionary Activities:

Surya Sen was deeply influenced by the nationalist movement and the teachings of freedom fighters like Aurobindo Ghosh and Bipin Chandra Pal.
He joined the Anushilan Samiti, a revolutionary organization that aimed at gaining independence through armed resistance against British rule.

Chittagong Armoury Raid:

Surya Sen is best known for organizing the Chittagong Armoury Raid on April 18, 1930.
A group of revolutionaries led by Sen attacked the police armory in Chittagong with the aim of capturing weapons to inspire a larger uprising against the British.

After the Raid:

After the raid, Surya Sen and his associates established a parallel government in Chittagong for a short period.
The British launched a massive manhunt to capture Surya Sen and his followers.

Arrest and Execution of Surya Sen:

Surya Sen managed to evade capture for several months, but he was eventually arrested on February 16, 1933.
He underwent severe torture during interrogation but did not reveal any information about his comrades.
Surya Sen was sentenced to death, and he was executed on January 12, 1934, in Chittagong Central Jail.


Surya Sen is remembered as a fearless and dedicated freedom fighter who played a key role in the Chittagong Armoury Raid.
He is often referred to as “Masterda” as a mark of respect for his leadership qualities.
The Surya Sen Park in Chittagong and the Surya Sen Street in Kolkata are named in his honor.
His life and contributions to the independence movement have been commemorated in literature, films, and various memorial events.
Surya Sen’s legacy lives on as a symbol of courage, sacrifice, and the indomitable spirit of those who fought for India’s freedom. The Chittagong Armoury Raid remains a significant chapter in the history of the Indian independence movement.