Biography of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan:

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (1904–1948) was an Indian poet, freedom fighter, and writer, best known for her inspiring Hindi poems and contributions to the Indian independence movement. Her work, particularly the patriotic poem “Jhansi ki Rani,” earned her recognition and admiration.
Early Life - Literary Career - Contribution to Indian Independence Movement - Personal Life and Death of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Biography of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan

Early Life:

1. Birth and Family: Subhadra Kumari Chauhan was born on August 16, 1904, in Nihalpur village, Allahabad, British India. She belonged to a family with a rich cultural and literary background.
2. Education: Chauhan received her early education in Allahabad. She displayed an early interest in literature and began writing poetry at a young age.

Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s Literary Career:

1. Poetry: Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poetry was characterized by its patriotic fervor and a deep love for the country. Her notable works include “Jhansi ki Rani,” a poem celebrating the courage of Rani Lakshmibai.
2. “Jhansi ki Rani”: This poem, written in the context of the freedom struggle, became immensely popular and contributed to the nationalist movement’s literature.

Contribution to Indian Independence Movement:

1. Active Participant: Chauhan was actively involved in the Indian independence movement. Her writings, including poems and articles, served as a source of inspiration for freedom fighters.
2. Engagement in Social and Political Causes: Apart from her literary contributions, Chauhan actively engaged in social and political causes. She supported the idea of women’s education and empowerment.

Personal Life of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan:

1. Marriage: Subhadra Kumari Chauhan married Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan, who was also involved in social and political activities.
2. Children: The couple had four children, including sons Yudhvir Singh and Satyendra Singh, who later became prominent figures in the political and social spheres.


1. Impact on Literature: Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s poetry, particularly “Jhansi ki Rani,” continues to be celebrated for its patriotic spirit and contribution to Hindi literature.
2. Recognition: Her contributions to literature and the independence movement have earned her respect, and she is remembered as one of the prominent voices of her time.


Subhadra Kumari Chauhan passed away on February 15, 1948, at the age of 43. Her legacy lives on through her literary works, which continue to inspire generations of Indians.
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan’s dedication to both literature and the cause of Indian independence remains a significant aspect of her legacy. Her words, filled with passion for the nation, continue to resonate with readers and serve as a testament to the spirit of the freedom struggle.