Biography of Sophocles:

Sophocles (c. 496–c. 406 BCE):

Early Life:

Sophocles was born in Colonus, near Athens, Greece, around 496 BCE.
He came from a wealthy and respected family and received a good education, including training in music and athletics.
Early Life and Theatrical Career - Notable Works and Innovations in Theater - Legacy - Later Years and Death of Sophocles
Biography of Sophocles

Theatrical Career:

Sophocles is best known for his contributions to ancient Greek theater, particularly as a playwright.
He participated in the dramatic competitions held during the festivals of Dionysus in Athens and won numerous victories.

Sophocles’s Notable Works:

Sophocles wrote over 120 plays, but only seven tragedies have survived in their entirety. These are known as the “Seven Against Thebes,” “Antigone,” “Ajax,” “Oedipus Rex” (Oedipus the King), “Trachinian Women,” “Electra,” and “Philoctetes.”
His plays are characterized by complex characters, moral dilemmas, and exploration of the human condition.

Innovations in Theater:

Sophocles made several innovations in Greek drama, such as introducing a third actor on stage, enhancing the visual elements of the productions, and expanding the use of painted scenery.
He served as a priest in the sanctuary of Asclepius at Athens and was involved in various public and religious duties.

Sophocles’s Political Involvement:

Sophocles was actively involved in Athenian politics, holding various public offices, including the position of a strategos (military general).
He lived during a tumultuous period in Athenian history, including the Peloponnesian War.

Later Years and Death:

Sophocles continued to be active in his later years and maintained his creativity.
He died in Athens around 406 BCE, at the age of approximately 90.

Legacy of Sophocles:

Sophocles is considered one of the three great Greek tragedians, alongside Aeschylus and Euripides.
His contributions to drama influenced later playwrights and continue to be studied and performed today.
Sophocles’ exploration of themes like fate, free will, and the consequences of human actions remains timeless.
Sophocles’ enduring legacy lies in his profound contributions to the development of Greek tragedy. His plays, characterized by their exploration of fundamental human dilemmas, continue to be celebrated for their artistic and intellectual richness.