Biography of Sarojini Naidu

Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949) was a prominent Indian political activist, poet, and writer, often remembered as the “Nightingale of India” for her eloquent and inspiring poetry. She played a crucial role in the Indian independence movement and was the first Indian woman to be the President of the Indian National Congress. Here is a detailed biography of her life:
Early Life and Education - Political Activism - President of Indian National Congress - Later Life and Legacy of Sarojini Naidu
Biography of Sarojini Naidu

Early Life and Education:

Sarojini Naidu was born on February 13, 1879, in Hyderabad, which was then part of the princely state of Hyderabad, British India (now in Telangana, India). She belonged to a well-educated family and showed an early aptitude for learning. She studied in England at King’s College, London, and Girton College, Cambridge, becoming proficient in several languages, including English, Urdu, Telugu, and Bengali.

Political Activism:

Sarojini Naidu actively participated in the Indian freedom movement. She joined the Indian National Congress and the Women’s Indian Association, advocating for civil rights, women’s suffrage, and social reforms. She became a prominent leader in the Salt Satyagraha and the Civil Disobedience Movement, leading various protests and movements against British rule.

Sarojini Naidu as President of Indian National Congress:

In 1925, Sarojini Naidu became the first Indian woman to be the President of the Indian National Congress. Her election marked a significant milestone for Indian women in politics. She continued to be a vocal advocate for independence, women’s rights, and social reforms.

Literary Career:

Apart from her political activism, Sarojini Naidu was a prolific writer and poet. Her poetry, known for its lyrical beauty and patriotic fervor, earned her the title of the “Nightingale of India.” Her notable works include “The Golden Threshold,” “The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring,” and “The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring.”

Later Life and Legacy of Sarojini Naidu:

Sarojini Naidu was appointed the Governor of the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) in 1947, becoming India’s first female governor. Sadly, her term was short-lived as she passed away on March 2, 1949, due to a heart attack.
Sarojini Naidu’s legacy lives on as she remains an icon of the Indian freedom movement and a symbol of women’s empowerment. Her contributions to literature, politics, and social reforms continue to inspire generations in India and around the world.