Biography of Robert Browning:

Robert Browning (May 7, 1812 – December 12, 1889) was an English poet and playwright of the Victorian era. He is renowned for his dramatic monologues, which explore complex characters and psychological insights. Browning’s work had a profound impact on English poetry, and he is considered one of the foremost poets of the 19th century. 
Early Life and Writing - Marriage to Elizabeth Barrett Browning - Major Works and Style - Later Life of Robert Browning
Biography of Robert Browning
Here is a brief biography of Robert Browning:

Early Life of Robert Browning:

1. Birth: Robert Browning was born in Camberwell, London, on May 7, 1812, into a middle-class family. His father, Robert Browning Sr., was a clerk in the Bank of England, and his mother, Sarah Anna Wiedemann Browning, was a talented pianist and accomplished linguist.
2. Education: Browning was largely self-educated and had an early interest in literature. He was well-read in the classics and was particularly influenced by the Romantic poets.
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Early Writing:

1. Poetry Beginnings: Browning published his first collection of poems, “Pauline: A Fragment of a Confession,” anonymously in 1833. It received little attention at the time, but it marked the beginning of his career as a poet.
2. Meeting Elizabeth Barrett: Browning’s poetry caught the attention of fellow poet Elizabeth Barrett. They began corresponding, and their relationship deepened through letters. Despite Barrett’s poor health and her father’s disapproval, they married in 1846.
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Robert Browning’s Marriage to Elizabeth Barrett Browning:

1. Marriage and Italy: After their marriage, the Brownings lived in Italy, where Elizabeth’s health improved. Their son, Robert Wiedemann Barrett Browning (known as Pen), was born in 1849.
2. Collaborative Works: The couple supported and influenced each other’s work. During this period, Elizabeth wrote her famous collection “Sonnets from the Portuguese,” and Robert produced some of his best-known works, including “Men and Women” (1855).
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Major Works and Style:

1. Dramatic Monologues: Browning’s notable contribution to poetry is the dramatic monologue. In this form, a speaker addresses a silent listener, revealing aspects of their character and motivations. Examples include “My Last Duchess,” “The Bishop Orders His Tomb at St. Praxed’s Church,” and “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.”
2. “The Ring and the Book”: One of Browning’s most ambitious works is “The Ring and the Book” (1868-1869), a lengthy narrative poem based on a 17th-century Roman murder trial.

Later Life of Robert Browning:

1. Widowhood: Elizabeth Barrett Browning died in 1861. Robert returned to England with their son.
2. Poetic Recognition: Browning’s reputation as a poet grew in the later years of his life. He became a respected figure in literary circles and received acclaim for his later works.
3. Death: Robert Browning died on December 12, 1889, in Venice, Italy. He is buried in Poets’ Corner at Westminster Abbey in London.
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1. Influence: Browning’s innovative use of the dramatic monologue had a profound impact on later poets, including T.S. Eliot and Ezra Pound.
2. Popularity: While Browning’s work fell out of favor for a time, it experienced a revival in the 20th century, and he is now recognized as a major figure in English literature.
Robert Browning’s poetry is characterized by its exploration of human psychology, the complexity of characters, and a profound understanding of the human soul. His impact on literature extends beyond his lifetime, and his work continues to be studied and admired for its depth and innovation.
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