Biography of Ravana

Ravana, also spelled as Ravan, is a prominent character in Hindu mythology. He is the primary antagonist of the ancient Indian epic, the Ramayana. Here’s a summary of his biography based on Hindu mythology:
Early Life - Conquest of Lanka - Conflict with Rama - Defeat and Death of Ravana
Biography of Ravan

Early Life:

Ravana, the son of Sage Vishrava and Kaikesi, was a powerful and learned king of Lanka (modern-day Sri Lanka). He was a devout follower of Lord Shiva and performed intense penance to obtain great boons and powers from the gods.

Ravana’s Conquest of Lanka:

Ravana expanded his kingdom and became the ruler of Lanka, a kingdom considered to be highly advanced and prosperous. He was a skilled scholar, a devoted devotee of Lord Shiva, and a formidable warrior.

Conflict with Rama:

Ravana’s most significant encounter was with Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, who was the protagonist of the Ramayana. Ravana’s downfall began when he kidnapped Sita, Rama’s wife, in an attempt to avenge his sister’s dishonor and assert his dominance. This action led to a great war between Ravana and Rama, which is a central theme of the Ramayana.

Defeat and Death of Ravana:

Despite his immense power, knowledge, and military prowess, Ravana was defeated by Lord Rama and his army of monkeys and divine beings, including Hanuman. In the epic battle that ensued, Ravana was ultimately killed by Lord Rama. Rama’s victory over Ravana symbolizes the triumph of good over evil and righteousness over arrogance.


In Hindu culture, Ravana is often seen as a symbol of evil and arrogance due to his actions in the Ramayana. However, some interpretations also highlight his devotion to Lord Shiva and his qualities as a learned scholar and a capable ruler. His complex character has made him a subject of fascination and study in various forms of literature and performing arts in India and other parts of the world.
Please note that Ravana’s story is a part of Hindu mythology and is considered a work of fiction and religious scripture, rather than a historical account. Different versions of the Ramayana exist in various cultures, and the details of Ravana’s story can vary in different retellings.