Biography of Ram Vilas Sharma

Ram Vilas Sharma was a prominent Hindi poet, literary critic, and scholar who made significant contributions to Hindi literature. He was born on October 10, 1912, in Jhinjhak, Uttar Pradesh, India, and he is widely regarded as one of the leading figures in modern Hindi poetry.
Biography of Ram Vilas Sharma
Biography of Ram Vilas Sharma

Early Life and Education:

Ram Vilas Sharma was born in a family with a strong literary and cultural background. He obtained his M.A. in Hindi literature from Allahabad University and later earned a Ph.D. for his research on the works of the famous Hindi poet Tulsidas.

 Ram Vilas Sharma’s Literary Career:

Sharma was a prolific poet and writer. His poetry was deeply influenced by Indian mythology and spirituality. He was associated with the Chhayavaad movement, a romantic literary movement in modern Hindi poetry. His poems were marked by lyrical beauty, introspection, and a profound sense of humanism.

 Notable Works:

1. “Chhaya Chand” (1939): A collection of poems that established Sharma’s reputation as a leading poet of the Chhayavaad movement.
2. “Alok Parva” (1941): A long poem exploring the theme of light and enlightenment, showcasing Sharma’s poetic mastery.
3. “Yug-Dristi” (1961): A critical work analyzing the various literary movements in Hindi literature, reflecting his expertise as a literary critic.
 Contribution to Hindi Literature:
Ram Vilas Sharma made significant contributions not only as a poet but also as a literary critic. He played a key role in promoting and analyzing Hindi literature. His critical writings provided valuable insights into the works of other poets and writers, enriching the literary discourse in India.

 Awards and Recognition to Ram Vilas Sharma:

Sharma received several prestigious awards for his literary contributions, including the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1958 for his poetry collection “Patar Aur Payal” and the Padma Bhushan, one of India’s highest civilian honors, in 1967.


Ram Vilas Sharma’s poetry and critical writings continue to be studied and appreciated in the literary circles of India. He left a lasting impact on Hindi literature, influencing generations of poets and scholars. His work is celebrated for its depth, spirituality, and poetic expression, making him a revered figure in the world of Hindi poetry and literary criticism.