Biography of Prafulla Chaki:

Prafulla Chaki was an Indian revolutionary and freedom fighter who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement. He was born on December 10, 1888, in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (now Kolkata, West Bengal, India), and he was an active participant in revolutionary activities against British rule during the early 20th century.
Early Life and Education - Muzaffarpur Bombing - Tributes and Memorials - Capture and Death of Prafulla Chaki
Biography of Prafulla Chaki

Early Life and Education:

Prafulla Chaki was born into a middle-class Bengali family. Despite facing financial challenges, he received a basic education and developed a strong sense of patriotism from a young age.

Involvement in Revolutionary Activities:

Inspired by the teachings of Swami Vivekananda and influenced by the revolutionary fervor of the time, Prafulla Chaki became associated with the Jugantar group, a revolutionary organization in Bengal. The group aimed to free India from British colonial rule through armed resistance and acts of sabotage.

Muzaffarpur Bombing:

Prafulla Chaki, along with Khudiram Bose, undertook a mission to assassinate Kingsford, a British magistrate known for his harsh treatment of Indian freedom fighters. On April 30, 1908, the two revolutionaries attempted to bomb Kingsford’s carriage in Muzaffarpur. However, the plan went awry, and they mistakenly targeted a different carriage.

Capture and Death of Prafulla Chaki:

Following the Muzaffarpur bombing, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose were pursued by the British authorities. Chaki chose not to be captured alive and shot himself when confronted by the police. He died on May 2, 1908, in Mokama, Bihar.


Prafulla Chaki is remembered as a brave and committed freedom fighter who made the ultimate sacrifice for the cause of India’s independence. His actions and the events surrounding the Muzaffarpur bombing had a significant impact on the consciousness of the Indian people and contributed to the momentum of the independence movement.

Tributes and Memorials:

Prafulla Chaki is commemorated as a martyr in India’s struggle for independence. Several monuments, memorials, and institutions have been dedicated to his memory, recognizing his courage and dedication to the cause of freedom.
Prafulla Chaki’s role in the revolutionary activities of the early 20th century remains an integral part of India’s history, symbolizing the spirit of resistance against colonial oppression.