Biography of Oscar Wilde:

Oscar Wilde (1854–1900):

Early Life:

Birth: Oscar Fingal O’Flahertie Wills Wilde was born on October 16, 1854, in Dublin, Ireland.
He was the second son of Sir William Wilde, a noted eye and ear surgeon, and Jane Wilde, a poet and nationalist.
Early Life - Education and Early Career - Marriage and Family - Aesthetic Movement - Legacy and Final Years of Oscar Wilde
Biography of Oscar Wilde

Education and Early Career:

Wilde studied at Trinity College, Dublin, and later at Magdalen College, Oxford, where he excelled in classics.
He gained early success as a poet and became known for his wit and flamboyant style.

Oscar Wilde’s Marriage and Family:

Wilde married Constance Lloyd in 1884, and they had two sons, Cyril and Vyvyan.
Despite his marriage, Wilde was known for his relationships with other men, a fact that would later have legal consequences.

Literary Career:

Wilde’s literary career flourished in the late 19th century, and he became one of London’s most popular playwrights and authors.
Notable works include “The Picture of Dorian Gray” (1890), a novel, and his plays such as “The Importance of Being Earnest” (1895) and “The Canterville Ghost” (1887).

Aesthetic Movement:

Wilde was associated with the Aesthetic Movement, which emphasized “art for art’s sake” and rejected the notion that art should convey moral or political messages.

Oscar Wilde’s Trial and Imprisonment:

In 1895, Wilde faced legal troubles when his relationship with Lord Alfred Douglas became public, leading to accusations of “gross indecency.”
Wilde was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to two years of hard labor.

Final Years:

Wilde spent his last years in exile in France under the name Sebastian Melmoth after his release from prison.
He wrote “The Ballad of Reading Gaol” (1898), reflecting on his experiences in prison.
Oscar Wilde died of meningitis on November 30, 1900, in Paris at the age of 46.

Legacy of Oscar Wilde:

Oscar Wilde is remembered for his wit, plays, and contributions to literature.
His works continue to be studied and performed, and he is considered one of the most iconic figures of the Victorian era.
Wilde’s life and trials also serve as a symbol of the challenges faced by LGBTQ individuals in a society that was often hostile to non-normative sexual orientations.
Oscar Wilde’s enduring legacy lies not only in his literary contributions but also in the complex interplay between his art, wit, and the social and legal challenges he faced.