Biography of Nicolaus Copernicus:

Nicolaus Copernicus (19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543) was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a heliocentric model of the solar system, placing the Sun at the center with the Earth and other planets orbiting around it. 
Early Life and Education - Heliocentric Model - Contributions and Legacy - Recognition and Honors - Death of Nicolaus Copernicus
Biography of Nicolaus Copernicus
Here is a brief biography of Nicolaus Copernicus:

Early Life and Education of Nicolaus Copernicus:

Copernicus was born in Thorn (modern-day Toruń), Royal Prussia, part of the Kingdom of Poland.
He came from a well-to-do family of merchants and was raised by his uncle after his father’s death.
Copernicus studied at the University of Krakow, where he focused on mathematics, astronomy, and the liberal arts.

Further Education and Travels:

Copernicus studied law at the University of Bologna in Italy and later Canon Law at the University of Padua.
During his time in Italy, he engaged with the intellectual and cultural milieu of the Renaissance, where he encountered ancient Greek and Roman texts.
Copernicus traveled to various centers of learning, gaining knowledge in mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.

Nicolaus Copernicus’s Heliocentric Model:

Copernicus developed his heliocentric model, where he proposed that the Earth and other planets orbited the Sun.
He outlined his ideas in a manuscript titled “Commentariolus,” which circulated among astronomers but was not widely published during his lifetime.

Major Work “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium”:

Copernicus spent several years working on his major work, “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium” (“On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres”).
The book, outlining his heliocentric model, was published in 1543, just before his death.
In this work, Copernicus explained the motion of celestial bodies in a Sun-centered system.

Contributions and Legacy:

Copernicus’s heliocentric model laid the foundation for a new understanding of the cosmos and challenged the geocentric model that had prevailed since ancient times.
His work contributed to the Scientific Revolution and influenced later astronomers, including Johannes Kepler and Galileo Galilei.
While Copernicus faced some opposition from traditional views, his heliocentric model gradually gained acceptance.

Death of Nicolaus Copernicus:

Nicolaus Copernicus died on 24 May 1543 in Frauenburg (modern Frombork), Poland.

Recognition and Honors:

Copernicus’s contributions to astronomy were recognized posthumously, and his heliocentric model became a cornerstone of modern astronomy.
The crater Copernicus on the Moon and the Copernicus asteroid are named in his honor.
In 2009, the International Year of Astronomy, UNESCO declared it the “International Year of Astronomy” to mark the 500th anniversary of Copernicus’s birth.
Nicolaus Copernicus’s revolutionary ideas marked a pivotal moment in the history of science, challenging prevailing cosmological beliefs and setting the stage for the scientific advancements that followed.