Biography of Munshi Premchand

Munshi Premchand, whose real name was Dhanpat Rai Shrivastava, was one of the most prolific and influential writers in the Hindi and Urdu languages. He was born on July 31, 1880, in Lamhi, a small village near Varanasi, British India (now in Uttar Pradesh, India), and he passed away on October 8, 1936. Premchand is celebrated for his realistic portrayal of social issues and human relationships in his writings.
Biography of Munshi Premchand
Biography of Munshi Premchand

Early Life and Education:

Premchand’s early life was marked by financial struggles, and he had to work in various jobs to support his family. Despite the challenges, he was a diligent student and developed a love for literature. He later studied at a District School in Allahabad and then at Queen’s College, where he completed his Bachelor of Arts degree.

Literary Career of Munshi Premchand:

Under the pen name Nawab Rai, Premchand began writing in Urdu and Persian. However, he switched to Hindi and started using the pen name “Premchand” after he faced criticism for his early works. He wrote numerous short stories, novels, and essays, addressing social and political issues such as poverty, oppression, and the struggles of the common people.
Some of his notable works include novels like “Godan,” “Gaban,” and “Nirmala,” as well as short stories like “Shatranj ke Khiladi,” “Eidgah,” and “Kafan.” His stories are known for their deep empathy, powerful storytelling, and a keen understanding of the human condition.

Munshi Premchand’s Social and Political Activism:

Premchand was deeply concerned about social issues, and his writings reflected his progressive and reformist views. He advocated for social justice, women’s rights, and the upliftment of the oppressed and marginalized sections of society. He actively participated in the Indian independence movement and used his literary platform to raise awareness about political and social issues.


Munshi Premchand’s literary legacy is enormous. He is often referred to as the “Upanyas Samrat” (Emperor of Novels) in Hindi literature. His works have been translated into numerous languages and continue to be widely read and studied. Premchand’s stories have been adapted into movies, television series, and plays, further cementing his influence on Indian culture.
Premchand’s ability to capture the nuances of human emotions and societal challenges has earned him a permanent place in the hearts of readers and scholars, making him one of the most celebrated literary figures in India.