Biography of Mohammad Hidayatullah

Mohammad Hidayatullah (1905-1992) was an eminent Indian jurist, scholar, and statesman who served as the Chief Justice of India and later as the Acting President of India. Here is a detailed biography of Mohammad Hidayatullah:
Early Life and Education - Judicial Career - Contributions and Legacy of Mohammad Hidayatullah
Biography of Mohammad Hidayatullah

Early Life and Education:

Mohammad Hidayatullah was born on December 17, 1905, in Lucknow, India, in a prominent family known for its contributions to education and literature. He completed his early education in Lucknow and later pursued higher studies in law. He earned his LL.B. degree from Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar from the Inner Temple, London.

Mohammad Hidayatullah’s Legal Career:

Hidayatullah embarked on a successful legal career, practicing law in the Bombay High Court and the Supreme Court of India. He gained a reputation as an erudite lawyer and scholar, which eventually led him to the judicial bench.

Judicial Career:

Hidayatullah was appointed as a Judge of the Nagpur High Court in 1946. Later, he served as the Chief Justice of the Madhya Pradesh High Court. In 1960, he was appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India.
In 1968, Hidayatullah was elevated to the position of the Chief Justice of India, the highest judicial office in the country. His tenure as Chief Justice was marked by his commitment to upholding the principles of justice, equity, and the rule of law.

Political Career of Mohammad Hidayatullah:

After his retirement from the judiciary, Hidayatullah entered politics. He served as the Vice President of India from 1979 to 1984. During this period, he also acted as the President of India on two occasions when President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy and President Giani Zail Singh were abroad.

Contributions and Legacy:

Throughout his career, Mohammad Hidayatullah was known for his keen legal acumen, integrity, and commitment to public service. He played a significant role in shaping the legal landscape of India and upholding the country’s constitutional values.
Hidayatullah’s contributions were not limited to the judiciary; he was also an accomplished scholar and author. He wrote extensively on legal matters and constitutional issues, leaving behind a body of work that continues to be respected in the legal community.
Mohammad Hidayatullah passed away on September 18, 1992, leaving behind a legacy of judicial excellence, constitutional scholarship, and dedicated public service. His contributions to the Indian legal system and his role in upholding the principles of justice have had a lasting impact on the country.