Biography of Manmath Nath Gupta:

Manmath Nath Gupta (10 June 1911 – 27 July 2000) was an Indian freedom fighter, revolutionary, and writer known for his contributions to the Hindi literary world. He actively participated in the Indian independence movement and later became a prominent figure in Hindi literature. Here is an overview of his life and contributions:
Early Life and Education - Freedom Struggle - Awards and Recognition - Legacy and Death of Manmath Nath Gupta
Biography of Manmath Nath Gupta

Early Life and Education:

1. Birth: Manmath Nath Gupta was born in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India, on 10 June 1911.
2. Education: He completed his education at Banaras Hindu University (BHU) and was deeply influenced by the ideals of the Indian independence movement.

Manmath Nath Gupta’s Freedom Struggle:

1. Joining the Revolutionary Movement: Inspired by the freedom struggle, Gupta joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization led by figures like Bhagat Singh and Chandrashekhar Azad.
2. Participation in Protests: Gupta actively participated in protests against British rule, including the famous protest against the Simon Commission in 1928.
3. Underground Activities: After the death of Lala Lajpat Rai, Gupta went underground to evade arrest by the British authorities.

Literary Contributions:

1. Post-Independence Period: After India gained independence, Manmath Nath Gupta focused on his literary pursuits.
2. Literary Works: He wrote novels, short stories, and essays. His notable works include “Yeh Andhere Din” and “Sukh Dukh Ke Sathi.”
3. Editorial Roles: Gupta served as the editor of various literary and social magazines, contributing to the promotion of Hindi literature.

Awards and Recognition to Manmath Nath Gupta:

1. Gyanpeeth Award: Manmath Nath Gupta received the Gyanpeeth Award for his novel “Yeh Andhere Din” in 1966.
2. Sahitya Akademi Award: He also received the Sahitya Akademi Award for his novel “Usne Kaha Tha” in 1978.


1. Literary Impact: Manmath Nath Gupta is remembered for his significant contributions to Hindi literature, especially for his novels that reflected the socio-political landscape of his times.
2. Contribution to Independence: Gupta’s early involvement in the revolutionary movement and his dedication to the cause of independence are integral parts of his legacy.

3. Cultural Activism: Apart from his literary and revolutionary activities, Gupta was involved in cultural activism and worked towards the promotion of Hindi language and culture.

Death of Manmath Nath Gupta:

Manmath Nath Gupta passed away on 27 July 2000, leaving behind a legacy that combines his contributions to the freedom struggle and Hindi literature. His life exemplifies the intertwining of activism and literature during a crucial period in India’s history.