Biography of Malik Muhammad Jayasi

Malik Muhammad Jayasi (1477-1542) was a renowned Sufi poet and writer in medieval India. He is best known for his epic poem “Padmavat,” a fictionalized account of the legendary queen Padmini, which has become a significant work in the literature of the Indian subcontinent.
Early Life - Literary Career - Contribution to Literature - Legacy of Malik Muhammad Jayasi
Biography of Malik Muhammad Jayasi

Early Life:

Malik Muhammad Jayasi was born in 1477 in a small town called Khintawar, which is now in the Bijnor district of Uttar Pradesh, India. He was a Sufi mystic and a follower of the Chishti Sufi order.

Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s Literary Career:

Jayasi was a prolific poet and writer in the Awadhi language, a dialect of Hindi. He is most famous for his epic poem “Padmavat,” written in 1540. “Padmavat” tells the story of the beautiful queen Padmini of Mewar, her beauty, courage, and the siege of her fort by the Sultan of Delhi, Alauddin Khilji. The poem is a blend of history and legend, and it has inspired numerous adaptations and interpretations over the centuries.

Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s Contribution to Literature:

“Padmavat” is not just a narrative poem; it’s a work of art that delves into themes of love, honor, and sacrifice. The poem is known for its lyrical beauty and vivid descriptions, capturing the essence of the Rajput ethos. Jayasi’s writing style is characterized by rich imagery and emotional depth.


Malik Muhammad Jayasi’s “Padmavat” has been a source of inspiration for many artists, poets, and filmmakers over the centuries. The story of Padmavati has been adapted into various forms of art, including plays, movies, and dance performances. The tale continues to captivate audiences, making Jayasi’s work a timeless piece of Indian literature.
Jayasi’s legacy also lies in his contribution to the development of the Awadhi literary tradition. His works have had a lasting impact on the cultural and literary heritage of the Indian subcontinent, cementing his place as one of the significant literary figures of medieval India.