Biography of Mahavira

Mahavira, also known as Vardhamana, was the 24th Tirthankara in Jainism, a spiritual teacher and ascetic who lived in ancient India. He is considered the founder of Jainism and played a significant role in shaping the religious and philosophical traditions of the region. Here is a detailed biography of his life:
Early Life - Renunciation and Ascetic Life - Teachings and Jain Philosophy - Later Life and Nirvana of Mahavira
Biography of Mahavira

Early Life of Mahavira:

Mahavira was born around 599 BCE in Kundagrama, present-day Vaishali, Bihar, India, into a royal family. His parents were King Siddhartha and Queen Trishala. According to Jain tradition, his birth was auspicious and marked by various miraculous events.

Renunciation and Ascetic Life:

At the age of 30, Mahavira renounced his princely status and began his life as an ascetic. For the next 12 and a half years, he practiced intense meditation, austerities, and self-discipline, seeking spiritual enlightenment. During this period, he endured severe hardships and practiced deep meditation, leading him to attain Kevala Jnana, the perfect knowledge or omniscience.

Mahavira’s Teachings and Jain Philosophy:

Mahavira’s teachings are based on non-violence (ahimsa), truth (satya), non-stealing (asteya), chastity (brahmacharya), and non-possession (aparigraha). He emphasized the importance of self-discipline, meditation, and non-attachment to material possessions. His philosophy emphasized the equality and sanctity of all living beings, advocating non-violence not only in action but also in thought and speech.

Spread of Jainism:

After attaining enlightenment, Mahavira traveled extensively throughout India, spreading his teachings and attracting followers. He established a monastic community with male and female ascetics, who followed strict vows and principles.

Later Life and Nirvana of Mahavira:

Mahavira continued his missionary work until his death at the age of 72, around 527 BCE, at Pavapuri, Bihar, India. According to Jain tradition, he attained Nirvana, the liberation from the cycle of birth and death (moksha), and his soul became Siddha, achieving the ultimate spiritual goal in Jainism.


Mahavira’s teachings formed the foundation of Jainism, a religious and philosophical tradition that emphasizes non-violence, truth, and spiritual purity. Jainism has a significant influence on Indian culture and has followers not only in India but also in various parts of the world.
Mahavira is revered as a great spiritual teacher and is worshipped by millions of Jains worldwide. His life and teachings continue to inspire people seeking a path of non-violence, self-discipline, and spiritual enlightenment.