Biography of Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was an Italian polymath of the Renaissance period, renowned for his exceptional talents as a painter, sculptor, architect, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, writer, and more. He is widely considered one of the most diversely talented individuals ever to have lived. Here is a comprehensive biography of Leonardo da Vinci:
Early Life and Artistic Apprenticeship- Independent Artist-Prolific Period in Milan-Later Years of Leonardo da Vinci
Biography of Leonardo da Vinci

Early Life:

Leonardo da Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in Vinci, a small town in Italy, near Florence. He was the illegitimate son of Ser Piero da Vinci, a notary, and Caterina, a peasant woman. Leonardo spent his early years in Vinci and demonstrated an early aptitude for art and creativity.

Artistic Apprenticeship:

At the age of 14, Leonardo became an apprentice to Andrea del Verrocchio, a prominent Florentine artist, and quickly gained recognition for his exceptional artistic abilities. He learned various artistic skills, including painting, sculpting, and drafting. His early works included collaborations with Verrocchio, such as the Baptism of Christ.

Leonardo da Vinci as Independent Artist:

In his early adulthood, Leonardo established himself as an independent artist in Florence and worked on several significant paintings, including the famous Annunciation. He moved to Milan in 1482, where he worked for Ludovico Sforza, the Duke of Milan, creating artworks, stage designs, and engineering projects.

Prolific Period in Milan:

During his years in Milan, Leonardo painted some of his most iconic works, including The Last Supper, a mural depicting the moment Jesus announces that one of his disciples will betray him. This painting is renowned for its emotional depth and perspective.

Renaissance Man:

Leonardo’s interests were not limited to art. He devoted extensive time to scientific studies, anatomy, engineering, and invention. He made numerous sketches and notes in his notebooks, showcasing his curiosity about the natural world and his innovative ideas for inventions ranging from flying machines to military weaponry.

Later Years of Leonardo da Vinci:

Leonardo spent the later years of his life traveling between Milan, Florence, and Rome. He continued his artistic and scientific pursuits, working on paintings such as the Mona Lisa, an enigmatic portrait that became one of the most famous artworks in history.


Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519, in Amboise, France. His legacy as an artist, inventor, and thinker has endured through the centuries. His paintings, scientific sketches, and inventions continue to inspire and fascinate people worldwide. Leonardo’s contributions to art and science remain unparalleled, making him an enduring symbol of the Renaissance and human creativity.