Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Lala Lajpat Rai (1865-1928) was a prominent Indian freedom fighter, politician, and social reformer who played a significant role in the Indian independence movement against British rule. He was born on January 28, 1865, in Dhudike, Punjab, which is now in present-day Pakistan. Here is a detailed biography of his life:
Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai
Biography of Lala Lajpat Rai

Early Life and Education of Lala Lajpat Rai:

Lala Lajpat Rai was born into a Punjabi Aggarwal family. He studied law at Government College in Lahore and later went to England to study law further. While in England, he became an active member of the Indian community there and participated in various political and social reform activities.

Role in the Freedom Movement:

Upon his return to India, Lajpat Rai became a prominent leader of the Indian Nationalist Movement. He, along with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal, was a part of the famous trio known as ‘Lal-Bal-Pal.’ They advocated the idea of self-reliance and swadeshi (indigenous) products to boycott British goods.
Lajpat Rai was a staunch advocate for the rights of Indian farmers and workers. He protested against the oppressive policies of the British government and was involved in various movements and agitations, including the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi.

Lala Lajpat Rai’s Contribution to Education:

Lajpat Rai believed in the power of education and worked towards the advancement of education in India. He played a key role in the foundation of Punjab National Bank and the Lakshmi Insurance Company. He also established many educational institutions in Punjab.

Incident and Passing:

One of the most tragic incidents in Lajpat Rai’s life occurred during the Simon Commission protests in 1928. While leading a peaceful protest against the Simon Commission in Lahore, he was severely injured in a police baton charge. He succumbed to his injuries on November 17, 1928. His death fueled public outrage and became a rallying point for the freedom movement.

Lala Lajpat Rai’s Legacy:

Lala Lajpat Rai is remembered as a courageous and dedicated freedom fighter who sacrificed his life for the independence of India. His contributions to the freedom struggle and his advocacy for social and economic reforms continue to inspire generations of Indians. In his honor, several institutions and roads in India have been named after him. His life and ideals remain an integral part of India’s history and independence movement.