Biography of Karl Marx:

Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, political theorist, and revolutionary socialist who laid the groundwork for modern communism. 
Early Life and Education - Exile and Political Activities - Communist Manifesto - Later Years and Legacy of Karl Marx
Biography of Karl Marx

Here’s a brief biography of Karl Marx:

Karl Marx’s Early Life:

Karl Heinrich Marx was born on May 5, 1818, in Trier, Prussia (now Germany), into a middle-class family.
He came from a long line of rabbis but later his family converted to Lutheranism due to political and social pressures.


Marx studied law, history, and philosophy at the University of Bonn and later at the University of Berlin.
Influenced by German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Marx became involved in radical politics and journalism.

Early Works of Karl Marx:

In the early 1840s, Marx began writing for radical publications and developed his materialist conception of history, emphasizing the role of economic factors in shaping society.
He collaborated with Friedrich Engels, a fellow German philosopher, and together they wrote works such as “The Holy Family” and “The German Ideology.”

Communist Manifesto:

In 1848, Marx and Engels co-authored the “Communist Manifesto,” which outlined their views on the class struggle and the need for a proletarian revolution.
The manifesto famously begins with the words, “A specter is haunting Europe—the specter of communism.”

Exile and Political Activities:

Due to his revolutionary activities, Marx faced political repression in several European countries. He spent much of his life in exile in cities like Paris and London.
Marx continued to write and engage in political activities, contributing to various radical publications.


Marx’s most significant work is “Das Kapital” (Capital), a three-volume critique of political economy published between 1867 and 1883. It remains one of the most influential works in the field of economics.

Later Years and Legacy of Karl Marx:

Karl Marx died on March 14, 1883, in London.
His ideas, known as Marxism, formed the theoretical foundation for communism. Marx’s work had a profound impact on political and economic thought, inspiring movements for social change around the world.
Despite criticisms and varying interpretations, Marx’s ideas continue to be studied and debated in fields such as philosophy, economics, sociology, and political science.
Karl Marx’s writings and theories have left an enduring mark on the intellectual landscape, influencing political movements and shaping discussions about capitalism, class struggle, and social change.