Biography of K. R. Narayanan

Kocheril Raman Narayanan, commonly known as K. R. Narayanan, was an Indian diplomat, politician, and writer who served as the 10th President of India from 1997 to 2002. He was born on October 27, 1920, in Uzhavoor, Travancore, British India (now in Kerala, India), and he passed away on November 9, 2005. Narayanan was the first Dalit (formerly known as “Untouchable”) to hold the office of President in India, marking a significant milestone in the country’s political history. Here’s an overview of his life and achievements:
Early Life and Education - Diplomatic Career - Political Career - Presidency and deth of K. R. Narayanan
Biography of K. R. Narayanan

Early Life and Education:

K. R. Narayanan was born into a Dalit family, facing the social and economic challenges associated with the caste system prevalent in India during that time. Despite these challenges, he pursued his education with determination. He completed his Bachelor’s degree in English literature from the University of Travancore and later obtained a Master’s degree in Political Science from the University of Travancore-Cochin.

Diplomatic Career:

Narayanan joined the Indian Foreign Service in 1949 and served in various diplomatic capacities, representing India in countries like Japan, China, the United Kingdom, and Thailand. His diplomatic career was marked by his deep understanding of international relations and his commitment to promoting India’s interests on the global stage.

Political Career of K. R. Narayanan:

Narayanan transitioned from diplomacy to politics and became actively involved in public service. He served as a Member of Parliament, representing various constituencies, and held key ministerial positions in the Indian government, including Minister for Planning and Minister for External Affairs.

K. R. Narayanan’s Presidency:

In 1997, K. R. Narayanan was elected as the President of India, succeeding Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma. During his tenure, he emphasized social justice, poverty alleviation, and education. He was a President who focused on issues affecting the marginalized and disadvantaged sections of society, reflecting his own background as a Dalit leader.

Death of K. R. Narayanan:

In the last days of his life, he suffered from pneumonia. He was admitted to Army Research and Referral Hospital, New Delhi where he breathed his last on November 9, 2005 for treatment. His wife Usha Narayanan also passed away on 24 January 2008.


K. R. Narayanan’s presidency is remembered for his commitment to social equity, inclusivity, and secularism. He was a respected statesman who upheld the constitutional values of India. His election as the President marked a historic moment, breaking barriers of caste discrimination and opening doors for marginalized communities in Indian politics.
After his retirement, Narayanan remained active in public life and continued to contribute to discussions on important national and international issues. His legacy as a trailblazer in Indian politics and a champion of social justice continues to inspire generations in India.