Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau:

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer, and political theorist who played a significant role in the Enlightenment era. His ideas have had a profound impact on various fields, including philosophy, education, politics, and literature. 
Here is a brief biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau:

Early Life:

Birth: Rousseau was born on June 28, 1712, in Geneva, which was then an independent city-state.
Family: His mother died shortly after his birth, and his father, a watchmaker, fled Geneva to avoid imprisonment, leaving Rousseau in the care of his uncle.
Early Life - Education and Early Career - Educational Philosophy - Personal Life and Later Years of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Biography of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Education and Early Career:

Apprenticeship: Rousseau’s early years were marked by financial struggles. He worked as an apprentice to various trades, including engraving and music.

Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Philosophical and Literary Career:

Move to Paris: In 1742, Rousseau moved to Paris, where he met Denis Diderot and other influential figures of the Enlightenment.
Discourse on the Arts and Sciences: Rousseau gained recognition with his submission to an essay competition organized by the Academy of Dijon. His work, “A Discourse on the Arts and Sciences,” argued that the progress of the arts and sciences had contributed to the corruption of virtue.
Social Contract: Rousseau’s political philosophy is perhaps best articulated in his work “The Social Contract” (1762), where he explores the idea of a social contract between citizens and the state, advocating for a form of direct democracy.

Educational Philosophy:

Emile, or On Education: In “Emile, or On Education” (1762), Rousseau presented his educational philosophy, emphasizing the natural development of a child’s abilities and the importance of experiential learning.

Personal Life of Jean-Jacques Rousseau:

Relationships: Rousseau’s personal life was marked by unconventional relationships, including his partnership with Thérèse Levasseur, with whom he had several children.
Persecution: Rousseau faced persecution for his ideas, and his works were banned in both Catholic and Protestant territories. He sought refuge in various places, including Switzerland and England.

Later Years:

Death: Jean-Jacques Rousseau died on July 2, 1778, in Ermenonville, France.
Legacy: Rousseau’s ideas on democracy, education, and the general will have influenced subsequent political thinkers and movements. While celebrated for his contributions to philosophy, he was also criticized for his controversial views on inequality and private property.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s writings and ideas continue to be studied and debated, making him a key figure in the intellectual landscape of the Enlightenment.