Biography of Jaishankar Prasad

Jaishankar Prasad was a renowned Hindi poet, playwright, and novelist, widely regarded as one of the most significant figures in modern Hindi literature. He was born on January 30, 1889, in Varanasi, India, and his literary contributions played a crucial role in shaping the Chhayavaad literary movement in Hindi poetry.
Early Life and Education - Literary Career - Major Works - Contribution to Hindi Literature - Legacy Jaishankar Prasad
Biography of Jaishankar Prasad

Early Life and Education of Jaishankar Prasad:

Jaishankar Prasad was born into a scholarly family in Kausambhi, a village near Varanasi. He received a traditional education in Sanskrit and Persian languages, delving deep into ancient Indian literature and philosophy. Later, he pursued his higher education at Queen’s College in Benares (now Varanasi) and earned his M.A. in English Literature.

Literary Career:

Prasad’s literary career began during his college years. His early works were heavily influenced by Indian mythology and philosophy. He was a prominent member of the literary circle associated with the Chhayavaad movement, a romantic literary movement in modern Hindi poetry. His poetic style was marked by lyrical beauty, deep philosophical themes, and a strong sense of rhythm.

 Major Works of Jaishankar Prasad:

1. “Kamayani” (1936): This epic poem, considered his magnum opus, explores the story of human evolution and the eternal search for truth. “Kamayani” is celebrated for its profound symbolism and philosophical depth.
2. “Himadri Tung Shring Se” (1928): A collection of poems reflecting his mastery over the craft of poetry and his deep connection with nature.
3. “Skandagupta” (1928): A historical play depicting the life of the legendary Gupta emperor Skandagupta.

Jaishankar Prasad’s Contribution to Hindi Literature:

Jaishankar Prasad’s contributions to Hindi literature extended beyond his poetry. He was instrumental in revitalizing Hindi drama and introduced historical and mythological themes in his plays. His works inspired and influenced generations of poets and writers, making him a literary icon.


Tragically, Jaishankar Prasad’s life was cut short when he passed away on January 15, 1937, at the age of 47. Despite his relatively short life, his impact on Hindi literature was profound. He left an indelible mark with his poetic brilliance and philosophical insights, and his works continue to be celebrated in the literary circles of India. Jaishankar Prasad is remembered as one of the luminaries of Hindi literature, and his writings continue to inspire readers and scholars alike.