Biography of Jainendra Kumar

Jainendra Kumar (27 January 1905 – 24 June 1988) was a renowned Hindi writer, literary critic, essayist, and editor. He was one of the prominent figures of the Nayi Kahani (New Story) literary movement in Hindi literature. Kumar was known for his insightful and socially relevant writings, making significant contributions to the Indian literary landscape.
Biography of Jainendra Kumar
Biography of Jainendra Kumar

Early Life:

Jainendra Kumar was born in Tehri Garhwal, Uttarakhand, India. He completed his education in English literature and law. His exposure to Western literature influenced his writing style.

Jainendra’s Literary Career:

Kumar started his literary career as a novelist but gained widespread recognition for his short stories. He was associated with the Nayi Kahani movement, which emerged in the 1950s and emphasized realistic and socially relevant narratives. His stories often depicted the struggles of the common people and explored human emotions and relationships.

Notable Works:

Some of Jainendra Kumar’s notable works include:
– Novels: “Sunita,” “Muktibodh,” and “Tyagpatra.”
– Short Story Collections: “Tinaka Behta Pani,” “Beech Bahas Mein,” and “Godaan.”
– Essays: He wrote essays on literary criticism, social issues, and cultural themes.

Editorial Contributions:

Kumar served as the editor of literary magazines and journals, including “Nayi Kahani” and “Vasudha.” Through these platforms, he encouraged emerging writers and promoted literary discourse.

Awards and Recognition to Jainendra Kumar:

Jainendra Kumar received several awards for his literary contributions, including the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1966 for his novel “Muktibodh.”


Jainendra Kumar’s works continue to be studied and appreciated in the literary circles of Hindi literature. His realistic portrayal of societal issues and human experiences made a lasting impact on the literary landscape of India. He remains an influential figure in the realm of Hindi literature.