Biography Of J. Robert Oppenheimer

Biography Of J. Robert Oppenheimer
Biography Of J. Robert Oppenheimer
• Name: Julius Robert Oppenheimer.
• Born: 22 April 1904, New York.
• husband : .
• mother : .
• Wife / Husband: Katherine Punning.

Early life Of J. Robert Oppenheimer:

        Oppenheimer was born on April 22, 1904. Oppenheimer’s family was part of the Moral Culture Society, which was founded on the rise of American Reform Judaism and was led by Dr. Felix Adler at the time. Progressive society emphasized social justice, civic responsibility, and secular humanism. Dr. Adler also founded the School of Ethical Culture, where Oppenheimer was enrolled in September 1911. His academic prowess was visible very quickly, and by age 10, Oppenheimer was studying minerals, physics, and chemistry. His correspondence with the New York Mineralogical Club was so advanced that the Society invited him to deliver a lecture — not realizing that Robert was a twelve-year-old boy.
        He graduated as valedictorian of his high school class in 1921, but fell ill with a near-fatal case of poisoning and was forced to postpone enrollment at Harvard. After being bedridden for months, his parents arranged for him to spend the summer of 1922 in New Mexico, a haven for health-seekers.
        Julius Robert Oppenheimer was an American theoretical physicist and professor of physics at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer was a wartime Los Alamos laboratory and is credited with being the “father of the atomic bomb” for his role in the Manhattan Project, a World War II undertaking that developed the first nuclear weapons to be used in nuclear for Hiroshima and Nagasaki’s Bombardment. The first atomic bomb was detonated on 16 July 1945 at the Trinity Test in New Mexico; Oppenheimer later remarked that the words of the Bhagavad Gita were brought to mind: “I have now become death, the destroyer of the world.
After the war ended, Oppenheimer became the chairman of the influential General Advisory Committee of the newly formed United States Atomic Energy Commission. He used that position for international control of nuclear power to stop nuclear proliferation and prevent a nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union. After the outcry of many leaders with his outspoken views during the Second Red Scare, he faced the cancellation of his security clearance at a much publicized hearing in 1954, and effectively removed his direct political influence; He continued to lecture, write and work in physics. Nine years later, President John F. Kennedy conferred (and Lyndon B. Johnson presented him with the Enrico Fermi Award as a sign of political rehabilitation).
        For reasons that have not been clarified, Oppenheimer began discussions with military security agents in 1942 that ended with the implication that some of his friends and acquaintances were agents of the Soviet government. This led to the dismissal of a personal friend on the faculty at the University of California. At the 1954 security hearing, he described their contribution to those discussions as “tissue of lies”.
        The joint effort of outstanding scientists at Los Alamos culminated in the first nuclear explosion at the Trinity site near Alamogordo, New Mexico, on July 16, 1945, after Germany’s surrender. In October of the same year, Oppenheimer resigned from his post. In 1947 he became head of the Institute of Advanced Studies and served as chairman of the General Advisory Committee of the Atomic Energy Commission from 1947 to 1952, which opposed the development of the hydrogen bomb in October 1949.