Biography of Gustave Flaubert:

Gustave Flaubert (1821–1880) was a French novelist and one of the most influential literary figures of the 19th century. He is best known for his meticulous writing style and the novel “Madame Bovary,” which is considered a masterpiece of realist fiction. 
Early Life and Education - Major Works and Personal Life - Death of Gustave Flaubert
Biography of Gustave Flaubert
Here is a brief biography of Gustave Flaubert:

Early Life of Gustave Flaubert:

1. Birth: Gustave Flaubert was born on December 12, 1821, in Rouen, France.
2. Family Background: He came from a prosperous middle-class family. His father, Achille Cléophas Flaubert, was the chief surgeon at the Hôtel-Dieu Hospital in Rouen.
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1. Flaubert was a precocious child and showed an early interest in literature.
2. He studied law in Paris but was more devoted to literature and often attended literary salons.

Literary Aspirations:

1. Flaubert decided to pursue a literary career against his family’s wishes.
2. His early works, including the novella “November” (1842), showcased his evolving writing style.
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Writing Style and Realism of Gustave Flaubert:

1. Flaubert was a meticulous writer known for his obsession with finding the perfect word and crafting precise sentences.
2. He is considered a leading proponent of literary realism, emphasizing detailed and objective representation of everyday life.
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“Madame Bovary” (1857):

1. “Madame Bovary” is Flaubert’s most famous novel and a seminal work in the development of the realist novel.
2. The novel tells the story of Emma Bovary, a provincial woman with romantic ideals, and explores themes of disillusionment, adultery, and social conformity.

Legal Troubles:

1. “Madame Bovary” faced legal challenges for its alleged immorality and violation of public morals.
2. Flaubert was acquitted in the 1857 trial, and the case solidified the notion that literature should be judged on artistic rather than moral grounds.
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Other Major Works:

1. “Salammbô” (1862): A historical novel set in ancient Carthage, showcasing Flaubert’s skill in historical research.
2. “Sentimental Education” (“L’Éducation sentimentale”) (1869): A novel that depicts the disillusionment of its main character against the backdrop of the 1848 Revolution in France.

Personal Life:

1. Flaubert was a private individual and led a relatively secluded life.
2. His health suffered, and he struggled with nervous and digestive disorders.
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Death of Gustave Flaubert:

1. Gustave Flaubert died on May 8, 1880, in Croisset, near Rouen.
2. He left an unfinished novel, “Bouvard et Pécuchet,” which was published posthumously.


1. Flaubert’s impact on literature extended to the modernist movement, influencing writers such as Marcel Proust and James Joyce.
2. His emphasis on precision, realism, and psychological depth has continued to shape the course of the novel as an art form.
Gustave Flaubert’s dedication to literary craftsmanship and his contributions to the realist novel have secured his place as one of the most significant figures in the history of French literature.
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