Biography of Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh

Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh (1917 – 11 September 1964) was a prominent Hindi poet, critic, and essayist associated with the Nayi Kavita (New Poetry) movement in Hindi literature. His works are known for their deep philosophical insights, social consciousness, and innovative poetic expression. Here’s an overview of his life and contributions:
Biography of Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh

Early Life and Education:

Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh was born in Satna, Madhya Pradesh, India. He completed his MA in English literature from Nagpur University. He later moved to Bombay (now Mumbai) and became a lecturer in English literature at Siddharth College.

Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh’s Literary Career:

Muktibodh’s poetry is characterized by its intense philosophical reflections, existential questions, and social critique. He was deeply influenced by Marxism and existential philosophy, which found expression in his writings. His poetry often explored the complexities of human existence, the struggle of the individual in society, and the search for meaning in life.


Muktibodh’s notable works include poetry collections such as “Chand ka Munh Tedha Hai” (The Moon has a Crooked Face) and “Andhere Mein” (In Darkness). His critical essays and literary commentaries, including “Hindi Kavita Mein Nayi Disha” (New Directions in Hindi Poetry), contributed significantly to the understanding of contemporary Hindi literature.

Nayi Kavita Movement:

Muktibodh was associated with the Nayi Kavita movement, which emerged in the 1940s and 1950s. This literary movement sought to break away from traditional poetic forms and explore new themes, styles, and expressions. Muktibodh’s experimental and philosophical approach to poetry made him a key figure in this movement.

Death and Legacy of Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh:

Tragically, Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh’s life was cut short at the age of 47 when he suffered a heart attack in 1964. Despite his relatively short literary career, his profound impact on Hindi poetry and criticism remains significant. His works continue to be studied and appreciated by scholars and readers interested in the philosophical dimensions of poetry and the complexities of human experience. Muktibodh’s poetry has inspired subsequent generations of poets and thinkers in the Hindi literary sphere.