Biography of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:

Born: November 11, 1821, in Moscow, Russian Empire
Died: February 9, 1881, in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire
Early Life - Military Service and Early Writing - Siberian Exile - Major Works and Personal Life of Fyodor Dostoyevsky
Biography of Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Early Life:

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky was born into a middle-class family.
His father was a doctor, and his parents encouraged him to pursue a military career.

Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s Military Service and Early Writing:

Dostoevsky entered the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute in 1838.
He published his first novel, “Poor Folk,” in 1846, which gained him recognition.

Political Involvement and Imprisonment:

Dostoevsky became involved in political activities and joined a group of intellectuals discussing social and political reforms.
In 1849, he was arrested for his association with the Petrashevsky Circle and sentenced to death. The sentence was later commuted to hard labor in Siberia.

Siberian Exile:

Dostoevsky spent four years in a Siberian labor camp, followed by military service in Semipalatinsk, Siberia.
During this period, he faced hardships but also underwent a profound spiritual and philosophical transformation.

Return to St. Petersburg:

Dostoevsky returned to St. Petersburg in 1859 after completing his military service.
He began writing prolifically, producing some of his most significant works.

Major Works of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:

“Crime and Punishment” (1866): A psychological novel exploring the moral and psychological consequences of crime.
“The Idiot” (1869): A novel centered around Prince Myshkin, an innocent and compassionate man navigating the complexities of Russian society.
“The Devils” (also known as “The Demons” or “The Devils”) (1872): An exploration of political and ideological extremism in Russian society.
“The Adolescent” (also known as “An Accidental Family” or “An Unfinished Piece for Mechanical Piano”) (1875): A coming-of-age novel.
“The Brothers Karamazov” (1880): Considered Dostoevsky’s masterpiece, it delves into questions of morality, faith, and the nature of God.

Philosophical and Religious Themes:

Dostoevsky’s works are deeply philosophical, exploring themes of existentialism, morality, and the human psyche.
He grappled with the conflict between faith and doubt, often incorporating religious and spiritual elements into his narratives.

Personal Life of Fyodor Dostoyevsky:

Dostoevsky married Maria Dmitrievna Isaeva in 1857.
His personal life was marked by financial struggles, the death of his first wife, and his second marriage to Anna Grigoryevna Snitkina.


Dostoevsky is considered one of the greatest novelists in world literature.
His exploration of the human condition, psychological depth, and philosophical insights continue to captivate readers and influence literature, psychology, and philosophy.
Fyodor Dostoevsky’s life and works are characterized by a profound exploration of the complexities of the human soul and society. His legacy endures through his powerful and enduring contributions to Russian literature and the broader literary canon.