Biography Of Edgar Allan Poe:

Edgar Allan Poe was an American writer, poet, and critic. He is best known for his stories and poems of horror and mystery, such as “The Raven” and “The Tell-Tale Heart”. Poe was born in Boston in 1809 and was orphaned at a young age. He was adopted by a wealthy merchant, John Allan, but had a troubled relationship with him. Poe joined the army and later enrolled in West Point, but was disowned by Allan after quarreling over his affairs. Poe died in Baltimore in 1849, under mysterious circumstances.
Early Life and Education - Military Service - Marriage and Family - Notable Works - Later Life and Death of Edgar Allan Poe
Biography Of Edgar Allan Poe

Brief biography of Edgar Allan Poe:

Edgar Allan Poe (1809–1849) was an American writer, poet, and literary critic known for his macabre and Gothic tales. Here’s a brief biography of Edgar Allan Poe:

Early Life of Edgar Allan Poe:

Birth: Edgar Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Family: His parents were actors, and his father abandoned the family when Poe was very young. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was only three years old.
Adoption: After his mother’s death, Poe was taken in by John Allan, a wealthy tobacco merchant in Richmond, Virginia. Although he never formally adopted Poe, he gave him the name Edgar Allan Poe.


Poe attended the University of Virginia but had to leave due to financial difficulties. His relationship with John Allan became strained during this time.

Military Service:

Poe joined the United States Army in 1827 under the name Edgar A. Perry.
He achieved the rank of sergeant major but left the military in 1829.

Early Literary Career:

Poe’s literary career began with the publication of his poetry collection, “Tamerlane and Other Poems” (1827).
He worked for various literary journals and became known for his critical reviews, often using the pseudonym “Henri Le Rennet.”

Edgar Allan Poe’s Marriage and Family:

Poe married his cousin, Virginia Clemm, in 1836 when she was just 13 years old.
Despite financial struggles, Poe continued to write and publish.

Notable Works:

  • “The Fall of the House of Usher” (1839)
  • “The Murders in the Rue Morgue” (1841) – Often considered the first modern detective story.
  • “The Tell-Tale Heart” (1843)
  • “The Raven” (1845) – Perhaps his most famous poem.
  • “The Masque of the Red Death” (1842)

Later Life and Death of Edgar Allan Poe:

Poe faced personal and financial difficulties throughout his life.
Virginia Poe died of tuberculosis in 1847, and Poe’s health declined significantly.
Edgar Allan Poe died on October 7, 1849, in Baltimore, Maryland, under mysterious circumstances. The exact cause of his death remains uncertain.


Edgar Allan Poe is considered a master of macabre and Gothic fiction.
His works had a significant influence on the development of the short story and detective fiction genres.
Poe’s exploration of the dark and psychological aspects of human nature made him a precursor to the psychological horror genre.
Edgar Allan Poe’s short stories and poems continue to be widely read and studied for their literary significance and their impact on the horror genre.