Biography of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj:

Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, also known as Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj, was a prominent Maratha ruler and social reformer in the early 20th century. He was the ruler of the princely state of Kolhapur in Maharashtra, India. Here is a brief biography of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj:

Early Life:

Birth: Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj was born on June 26, 1874, in Kavathe-Mahankal, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.
Family Background: He belonged to the Bhonsle dynasty, a prominent Maratha royal family.
Early Life and Reign as Chhatrapati - Social and Educational Reforms - Legacy and Death of Shahu Maharaj
Biography of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj

Reign as Chhatrapati:

Ascension to the Throne: He ascended the throne of Kolhapur in 1894 after the demise of his adoptive mother, Maharani Tarabai.
Progressive Ruler: Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj was a progressive ruler who introduced several social and educational reforms in his state.

Social and Educational Reforms:

Promotion of Education: He established schools and colleges, making primary education compulsory and free for all. He promoted the spread of education irrespective of caste and gender.
Reservations and Social Upliftment: Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj implemented reservation policies in government jobs and education for backward classes, thereby promoting social equality and upliftment.
Support for Ambedkar: He supported Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s efforts for social reforms and played a significant role in improving the conditions of the untouchables (Dalits) in society.


Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj is remembered for his progressive and inclusive policies, which had a significant impact on the social and educational landscape of the region.
He was a patron of arts and culture, supporting various forms of literature, music, and dance.

Death of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj:

Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj passed away on May 6, 1922, leaving behind a legacy of social reform and progressive governance.
Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj’s contributions to social and educational reforms, especially his focus on providing opportunities for the marginalized communities, continue to be acknowledged and celebrated in India, particularly in the state of Maharashtra.