Biography of Chandra Shekhar Azad

Chandra Shekhar Azad, born as Chandrashekhar Tiwari on July 23, 1906, in Alirajpur, Central India Agency (now in Madhya Pradesh, India), was a prominent freedom fighter in the Indian independence movement against British colonial rule. He played a crucial role in inspiring young revolutionaries and organizing protests against the British authorities. Here is an overview of his life and contributions:
Biography of Chandra Shekhar Azad
Biography of Chandra Shekhar Azad

Early Life:

Chandra Shekhar Azad was born in a Brahmin family. He was deeply influenced by the stories of valor and sacrifice from Indian mythology and history, which ignited his passion for the freedom struggle from a young age. He adopted the pseudonym “Azad,” which means “free” in several Indian languages, to reflect his commitment to India’s freedom.

Involvement in the Freedom Movement:

Azad became actively involved in the non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. However, after the Chauri Chaura incident in 1922, where a protest turned violent, Gandhi suspended the non-cooperation movement. Azad, disheartened by this decision, shifted his focus to armed resistance against the British.
He joined the Hindustan Republican Association (HRA), which later became the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), a revolutionary organization that aimed for complete independence from British rule. Azad, along with Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and other revolutionaries, carried out various protests, bombings, and acts of sabotage against the British government.

Chandra Shekhar Azad’s Leadership and Fearless Resistance:

Chandra Shekhar Azad’s fearlessness and determination made him a respected leader among his contemporaries. He evaded capture multiple times, earning a reputation for his ability to escape from the clutches of the British police. Azad was instrumental in the Kakori Train Robbery of 1925, a significant event in the freedom struggle.

Death and Legacy of Chandra Shekhar Azad:

On February 27, 1931, Chandra Shekhar Azad was tragically cornered by the British police in Alfred Park (now Chandra Shekhar Azad Park) in Allahabad. Faced with capture and refusing to surrender, he fought bravely until the end. He shot himself, upholding his vow never to be captured alive.
Chandra Shekhar Azad’s sacrifice and bravery made him a symbol of India’s indomitable spirit in the fight against colonial rule. He remains an inspirational figure, especially for the youth of India. Numerous institutions, parks, and awards have been named in his honor, ensuring that his legacy lives on in the hearts of the Indian people.