Biography of Chanakya

Chanakya, also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, was an ancient Indian scholar, teacher, economist, philosopher, and political strategist who played a key role in the establishment of the Maurya Empire in ancient India. He is considered one of the greatest figures in the history of ancient India. Chanakya lived from around 371 BCE to 283 BCE.
Early Life and Education - Role in the Maurya Empire - Arthashastra - Death - Legacy and Impact of Chanakya
Biography of Chanakya

Early Life and Education:

Chanakya was born in a Brahmin family in ancient India. He was highly intelligent and well-versed in various fields of knowledge, including economics, politics, and warfare. He was a scholar of the ancient Indian texts and had a deep understanding of the political and economic systems of his time.

Chanakya’s Role in the Maurya Empire:

Chanakya’s most significant contribution was his role as the chief advisor and strategist to Chandragupta Maurya, the founder of the Maurya Empire. He played a crucial role in Chandragupta’s rise to power, advising him on military strategies and statecraft. Together, they defeated the powerful Nanda Empire and established the Maurya dynasty, which became one of the largest and most prosperous empires in ancient India.


Chanakya authored the ancient Indian political treatise called the “Arthashastra.” This text, composed in Sanskrit, is a comprehensive guide to statecraft, economics, and political strategy. It covers various aspects of governance, including law, taxation, diplomacy, and military strategy. The Arthashastra provides valuable insights into the political and economic theories of ancient India.

Legacy and Impact of Chanakya:

Chanakya’s teachings and principles have had a lasting impact on Indian political thought and governance. His Arthashastra is still studied and respected as a foundational text in the field of political science in India. Chanakya’s strategies and advice have been applied not only in ancient times but also in various political contexts throughout history.

Chanakya’s Death:

The exact circumstances of Chanakya’s death are not well-documented, but according to historical accounts, he is said to have died by fasting in protest against the emperor’s policies, particularly related to taxation. His death is considered an act of protest against the ruler he had helped ascend to power.
Chanakya’s legacy continues to inspire leaders, scholars, and thinkers around the world. His wisdom and expertise in statecraft have left an enduring mark on the political and intellectual history of India.