Biography of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar (1891–1956) was a social reformer, jurist, economist, and the chief architect of the Indian Constitution. He is widely regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution and a champion of social justice and the rights of marginalized communities, especially the Dalits (formerly known as untouchables). Here’s a comprehensive overview of his life and contributions:
Early Life - Educational Achievements - Social Reform and Dalit Rights - Political life of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar
Biography of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar

Early Life of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:

Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on April 14, 1891, in Mhow (now in Madhya Pradesh), India, into a Mahar caste, which was considered an “untouchable” community in the social hierarchy of India.

Educational Achievements of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:

Despite facing immense social discrimination, Ambedkar excelled in academics. He earned multiple degrees, including a D.Sc. in Economics from the London School of Economics, a doctorate from Columbia University, and a law degree from the Gray’s Inn in London. He was the first untouchable to obtain a college education in India.

Social Reform and Dalit Rights by Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:

Ambedkar dedicated his life to social reform and fought against the caste-based discrimination prevalent in Indian society. He advocated for the rights and dignity of Dalits, aiming to eradicate untouchability and establish social equality. He emphasized education as a tool for empowerment and worked to uplift the social and economic status of Dalits.

Ambedkar’s role in Indian Independence Movement:

Ambedkar was an active participant in the Indian independence movement. He served as the chairman of the drafting committee of the Constituent Assembly and played a pivotal role in shaping the Indian Constitution. His efforts ensured that the Constitution included provisions for social justice, equality, and safeguards for the rights of marginalized communities.

Bhimrao Ambedkar conversion to Buddhism:

In 1956, Ambedkar led a mass conversion of hundreds of thousands of Dalits to Buddhism, rejecting Hinduism’s caste-based discrimination. He saw Buddhism as a path to equality and social justice.

Political life of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar :

On 31 January 1920 started a weekly newspaper “Mooknayak”. In 1924, Babasaheb established the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha to give the Dalits an equal place with other sections in the society. In 1932 there was a treaty between Gandhiji and Dr. Ambedkar which is known as ‘Poona Pact’. In August 1936, the “Independent Labor Party” was established. In 1937, Dr. Ambedkar passed a bill to end the tenancy in the Konkan region. After India became independent, Dr. Ambedkar was entrusted with the task of framing the Constitution.
On February 1948, Ambedkar presented the draft of the Constitution and it was implemented on 26 January 1949. Dr. Ambedkar resigned from the post of Law Minister in 1951. He is providing lectures of Dr. BR Ambedkar’s works in all regional languages ​​including Hindi. Organizing various conferences, workshops, exhibitions, lectures, seminars, seminars and fairs along with the mission of Dr. Ambedkar’s life. To give Dr. Ambedkar National Award for weaker section of society and Dr. Ambedkar International Award for Social Change.
Every year Dr. Ambedkar’s birth anniversary is celebrated on April 14 and on December 6, a death anniversary is organized. Launch of Dr. Ambedkar National Merit Award Schemes to distribute the award among meritorious students of SC / ST. Publication of a monthly magazine of social justice message in Hindi language. To give Dr. Ambedkar National Relief for the victims of Scheduled Caste violence.

Ambedkar Legacy:

B.R. Ambedkar’s legacy is monumental in India’s social and political landscape. His teachings continue to inspire movements for social justice and equality. Ambedkar’s contributions to drafting the Indian Constitution have fundamentally shaped the country’s democratic and inclusive framework.

Books of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:

• Who are we?
• The Unreachable,
• Buddha and His Dhamma,
• The Problem of Rupi,
• Thoughts on Pakistan

Idea of Bhimrao:

• Life should be great rather than long.
• The relationship between husband and wife should be similar to that of close friends.
• In Hinduism, there is no scope for the development of conscience, reason, and independent thinking.
• I measure the progress of a community, the progress that women have achieved.
For a successful revolution, mere dissatisfaction is not enough. What is needed is a deep faith in justice and political and social rights.
• People and their religion by social standards; Must be tested on the basis of social morality. If religion is considered necessary for the good of the people then no other standard will be meant.
• What freedom do we have for this? We have this freedom so that we can improve our social system, which is full of inequality, discrimination and other things which are in conflict with our fundamental rights.
• Unlike a drop of water that loses its identity by joining the ocean, a person does not lose his identity in the society in which he lives. Human life is free. He is born not just for the development of society, but for his own development.
• Today Indians are being governed by two different ideologies. Their political ideals as indicated in the Preamble of the Constitution establish freedom, equality, and brotherhood. And the social ideals contained in their religion deny this.
• Political tyranny is nothing compared to social tyranny and a reformer who rejects society is more courageous than a politician who rejects the government.

Death and Commemoration of Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:

Tragically, B.R. Ambedkar passed away on December 6, 1956, shortly after converting to Buddhism. His death left a void in the Indian social and political arena.
April 14, his birth anniversary, is celebrated as Ambedkar Jayanti in India, a day to honor his contributions and reaffirm the commitment to social justice and equality. His life story stands as a beacon of hope, resilience, and the power of education to transform lives and societies.