Biography of Bhikaji Kama:

Bhikaiji Rustom Cama, commonly known as Madame Cama, was a prominent figure in the Indian independence movement and an advocate for women’s rights. 
Here is a brief biography of Bhikaji Kama:

Early Life:

Birth: Bhikaji Cama was born on September 24, 1861, in Bombay (now Mumbai), India.
Family Background: She belonged to a wealthy Parsi family.
Early Life - Education and Activism - Exile and Later Years - Legacy and Death of Bhikaji Kama
Biography of Bhikaji Kama

Education and Activism:

Bhikaji Cama was educated in Bombay and later went to London for further studies.
While in London, she became involved in the social and political circles, including the suffragette movement for women’s rights.

Bhikaji Kama’s Marriage and Activism:

Bhikaji Cama married Rustom Cama, a proponent of social and educational reform.
Both Bhikaji and Rustom were actively involved in social and political causes, advocating for Indian independence and women’s rights.

International Activism:

Bhikaji Cama played a significant role in the international arena in the early 20th century.
She represented India at the International Socialist Congress in Stuttgart, Germany, in 1907, where she unfurled the first version of the Indian tricolor flag.

Indian Independence Movement:

Bhikaji Cama was a member of the Indian National Congress.
She contributed to the struggle for India’s independence and was associated with leaders like Dadabhai Naoroji and Shyamji Krishna Varma.

Publications of Bhikaji Kama:

Bhikaji Cama edited and published revolutionary and nationalist publications like “Bande Mataram” and “The Talwar.”

Exile and Later Years:

Due to her involvement in nationalist activities, Bhikaji Cama faced persecution by the British authorities.
She spent some years in exile in Europe but continued her activism.


Bhikaji Cama passed away on August 13, 1936, in Bombay.


Bhikaji Cama is remembered for her fearless advocacy for Indian independence and her contributions to the cause of women’s rights.
Her role in unfurling the Indian flag at the International Socialist Congress remains a symbol of early Indian nationalist efforts on the international stage.
The Bhikaji Cama Place in Delhi is named in her honor.
Bhikaji Cama’s life and work reflect her dedication to the ideals of freedom, equality, and justice. She is celebrated as one of the pioneering women who played a crucial role in India’s struggle for independence.