World trade organization(WTO)

The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an international organization that deals with global rules of trade between nations. Its primary goal is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably, and freely as possible.
Indian Agricultural Research Council | ICAR Objective Work

Key Functions and Objectives of the WTO:

1. Trade Agreements: The WTO establishes rules for international trade through negotiated agreements between member countries. These agreements cover goods, services, and intellectual property.

2. Trade Facilitation: The WTO facilitates trade negotiations and agreements among member countries, aiming to reduce barriers to trade, including tariffs and non-tariff barriers.

3. Dispute Resolution: The WTO provides a framework for resolving trade disputes between member countries. This process helps in settling disagreements related to trade policies and practices.

4. Monitoring and Surveillance: The WTO monitors global trade policies and practices, providing regular reports on the trade policies of its member countries. This transparency fosters accountability and helps prevent protectionist policies.

India Food Corporation | Food security

5. Technical Assistance and Training: The WTO provides technical assistance and training to developing countries, helping them build the capacity to implement WTO agreements and participate effectively in international trade.

6. Trade Policy Review: The WTO conducts regular reviews of member countries’ trade policies and practices. These reviews provide a platform for open discussions about each country’s trade policies.

7. Intellectual Property Rights: The WTO administers agreements related to intellectual property rights (TRIPS Agreement), ensuring that member countries adhere to minimum standards of protection for intellectual property.

Kisan Credit Card Scheme | Kisan credit card eligibility

Principles of the WTO:

1. Non-Discrimination: Member countries must not discriminate between their trading partners. They should provide the same treatment to imported and domestically produced goods and services (Most-Favored-Nation principle).

2. Reciprocity: Countries negotiate reciprocal trade agreements to reduce trade barriers.

3. Predictability: Countries are encouraged to be transparent about their trade policies and practices, providing predictability to other nations and businesses.

4. Promotion of Fair Competition: The WTO aims to promote fair competition and discourage unfair trade practices, such as subsidies and dumping.

Decision-Making in the WTO:

Decision-making in the WTO is based on consensus among member countries. This means that all member countries must agree on a decision for it to be implemented. The WTO also holds regular ministerial conferences where member countries discuss various trade-related issues.

As of my last update in September 2021, the WTO had 164 member countries, making it one of the largest international organizations in the world. Please note that there may have been developments or changes in the WTO’s structure or policies since that time.

Read More:
world trade organization purpose
world trade organization members