Complete anatomy of the corona virus covid-19:

Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Complete Anatomy and Overview:

Virus Name:

Virus: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)


Shape: SARS-CoV-2 is a spherical virus with spike proteins protruding from its surface, giving it a crown-like appearance, hence the name “coronavirus.”
Genetic Material: It is an RNA virus, meaning its genetic material is composed of ribonucleic acid (RNA) instead of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).
Virus Name and Family - Virus Structure and Transmission - Symptoms and Prevention of covid-19

Virus Family:

Family: Coronaviridae
Subfamily: Orthocoronavirinae


Mode of Transmission: Primarily spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks. It can also spread by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching the face, especially the eyes, nose, or mouth.


Common Symptoms: Fever, cough, shortness of breath, fatigue, body aches, loss of taste or smell, sore throat, congestion, headache.
Severe Symptoms: Difficulty breathing, chest pain, confusion, bluish lips or face. Severe cases can lead to pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), organ failure, and death, particularly in older adults and those with underlying health conditions.

Affected Organs and Systems:

Respiratory System: COVID-19 primarily affects the respiratory system, causing inflammation in the lungs and leading to breathing difficulties.
Cardiovascular System: Some severe cases may lead to cardiovascular complications.
Digestive System: Gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhea and nausea have been reported in some patients.
Nervous System: Neurological symptoms, including loss of smell and taste, headaches, and confusion, have been observed.


Vaccination: COVID-19 vaccines have been developed to provide immunity against the virus, reducing the severity of the disease and preventing hospitalization and death.
Preventive Measures: Wearing masks, practicing physical distancing, frequent handwashing, and avoiding large gatherings are crucial in preventing the spread of the virus.


Supportive Care: Mild cases can be managed with rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medications to alleviate symptoms.
Hospitalization: Severe cases may require hospitalization, oxygen therapy, and, in extreme cases, mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit (ICU).
Antiviral Medications: Certain antiviral medications and treatments like monoclonal antibodies are used in specific cases to reduce the severity of the disease.


Variants: SARS-CoV-2 has undergone mutations, leading to the emergence of variants with different genetic characteristics. Some variants have been associated with increased transmissibility or immune escape, affecting the efficacy of vaccines and treatments.

Global Impact:

Pandemic: COVID-19 was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020, leading to widespread global health, social, and economic consequences.
It’s important to note that the information provided here is based on the understanding of COVID-19 up to my last update in January 2022. For the most recent and detailed information, it is recommended to refer to reliable sources such as the World Health Organization (WHO) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).