Chandrayaan-1 moon mission:

Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first lunar mission, launched by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It was named after the Sanskrit word “Chandra,” which means moon. The primary objective of the mission was to develop and demonstrate the key technologies for interplanetary missions. Chandrayaan-1 was launched on October 22, 2008, and it made a significant impact on India’s space program and lunar exploration efforts. 
Here are the key details and achievements of the Chandrayaan-1 mission:

Mission Objectives:

1. Mapping the Moon: Chandrayaan-1 aimed to create detailed three-dimensional maps of the lunar surface, studying its mineral composition, topography, and the distribution of elements and minerals.
2. Locating Water Molecules: One of the mission’s goals was to find the presence of water molecules (in the form of ice) on the moon’s surface, particularly in the polar regions.
3. Studying Moon’s Atmosphere: The mission sought to understand the moon’s exosphere, a thin atmosphere-like layer surrounding the moon.
Chandrayaan-2 Story

Mission Highlights:

1. Moon Impact Probe (MIP): Chandrayaan-1 carried an instrumented Moon Impact Probe, which was released and impacted the moon’s surface on November 14, 2008. It provided valuable data during its descent.

2. Discovery of Water Molecules: Chandrayaan-1 made a significant discovery of water molecules on the moon’s surface. The Moon Impact Probe and the Moon Impact Mapper identified the presence of water molecules in the thin atmosphere of the moon.

3. High-Resolution Imaging: The mission’s Moon Impact Probe, as well as the Moon Impact Mapper, captured high-resolution images of the moon’s surface.

4. Mapping Lunar Surface: Chandrayaan-1’s Moon Impact Mapper, Moon Impact Probe, and other scientific instruments mapped the lunar surface in detail, providing valuable data for scientific research.

25 interesting facts about Mercury | Smallest planet in the Solar System

Unexpected End:

Chandrayaan-1, unfortunately, experienced communication loss with ground control on August 29, 2009, just ten months after its launch. Despite the unexpected end, the mission achieved many of its scientific objectives, including the crucial discovery of water molecules on the moon, which had significant implications for future lunar exploration.
Chandrayaan-1 paved the way for India’s subsequent lunar missions, such as Chandrayaan-2, which aimed to build upon the knowledge gained from the first mission and continue India’s exploration of the moon.

Blue Origin | Space Tourism