Biography of Vinoba Bhave

Vinoba Bhave (1895-1982) was a prominent Indian social reformer, spiritual leader, and advocate of nonviolence. He is best known for his Bhoodan Movement (Land Gift Movement) and Sarvodaya Movement, both of which aimed at uplifting the poor and promoting social justice and nonviolence in India. Here is an overview of his life and contributions:

Early Life and Education - Gandhi's Spiritual Successor - Bhoodan Movement - Later Life and Legacy - Idea of Vinoba Bhave
Biography of Vinoba Bhave

Early Life and Education of Vinoba Bhave:

Vinayak Narahari Bhave, popularly known as Vinoba Bhave, was born on September 11, 1895, in Gagode village, present-day Maharashtra, India. He was deeply influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi and became his devoted follower from a young age. He actively participated in the Indian freedom movement and was imprisoned several times for his involvement in nonviolent protests.
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Vinoba Bhave as Gandhi’s Spiritual Successor:

Vinoba Bhave was considered Mahatma Gandhi’s spiritual heir. He played a vital role in the Sarvodaya Movement, which aimed at the welfare of all and the upliftment of the downtrodden. He believed in the principles of nonviolence, truth, and self-reliance, and he worked tirelessly to promote these values throughout his life.
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Vinoba Bhave and Bhoodan Movement:

One of Vinoba Bhave’s most significant contributions was the Bhoodan Movement, which he initiated in 1951. During this movement, he traveled across India, urging wealthy landowners to voluntarily donate a portion of their land to landless peasants. The movement aimed at reducing land inequalities and providing land to the landless.
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Individual Satyagraha:

During the freedom struggle against British colonial rule, Vinoba Bhave participated in individual satyagraha (nonviolent resistance) as a protest against the British government’s repressive policies. He was imprisoned for his activities but continued his nonviolent resistance even while in jail.
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Vinoba Bhave Later Life and Legacy:

Vinoba Bhave remained active in social and spiritual activities until his passing. He received numerous awards and honors, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 1983, posthumously.
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Post-Independence Contributions of Vinoba Bhave:

After India gained independence in 1947, Vinoba Bhave continued his social reform work. He focused on various issues, including rural development, education, and self-reliance. He emphasized the importance of constructive work and believed that social change could be achieved through nonviolence and individual transformation.
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Idea of Vinoba Bhave :

• The more a person dissolves in knowledge, the more it becomes colored in the color of karma.
• No scheme can work in a nation which does not have characterization.
• Pratibha means to keep bursting new bones in the intellect. New imagination, new enthusiasm, new discovery and new vigor are the hallmarks of talent.
• Until there is no preparation to suffer, the benefit is not seen. The building of profit is built in the sun of suffering.
• Man of India wants to get bull but does not want to serve cow. He pretends to worship her religiously, but respects buffalo for milk. The people of India want their mother to be a buffalo and a father. The plan is fine but it is not acceptable to God.
• One is not poor only because of lack of money, if a person is rich and has a lot of desires, then he is the poorest.
• The Devanagari script can give a lot more work than the Hindi language will provide for the unity of India.
• Begging, donating to bodybuilders and healthy person is injustice. A man without karma cannot possess alms.
• Without struggle and turmoil, life becomes absolutely monotonous. Therefore, it is sensible to bear the inequities that come in life.
• The control of society is going to come in the hands of women in future. Women have to be ready for that. Women will be saved only when women wake up and women will have a loyal woman like Shankaracharya.
• There are many types of pride, but I do not have pride, there is no other such terrible pride like being Bhasa.
• Pratibha means to keep bursting new minds in the intellect. New imagination, new enthusiasm, new discovery and new vigor are the hallmarks of talent.
• Discipline is the bridge between goals and achievement. Believe that ignorance produces more confidence than knowledge.
• When we consider a new project, we study it carefully. Not just the surface, but every aspect of it.
• Pratibha means to keep bursting forth in the intellect with new imagination, new imagination, new enthusiasm, new discovery and new vigor.
• The Devanagari script can give a lot more work than the Hindi language will provide for the unity of India.
• The future of the society is going to be in the hands of women, women will have to be prepared for it, women will be saved only when women wake up and women will have a loyal woman like Shankaracharya.
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Vinoba Bhave’s legacy lives on through the ideals of nonviolence, social justice, and selfless service. His contributions to India’s social and political landscape continue to inspire generations of social activists and reformers.

Death of Vinoba Bhave:

In November 1982, when he felt that his death was near, he gave up eating and drinking which resulted in his death on 15 November 1982. The path of death he had set is called atonement under which a person abandons his food and gives up his life. Vinoba Bhave, who considers Gandhi as his guide, made many important and successful efforts to bring public awareness in the society. Hazaribagh University was named Vinoba Bhave University after his death in his honor.
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