Biography of Mayawati

Mayawati, whose full name is Kumari Mayawati, is an Indian politician and the leader of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). She was born on January 15, 1956, in New Delhi, India. Mayawati is one of the prominent Dalit (formerly known as “Untouchable”) leaders in Indian politics and has served as the Chief Minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh multiple times. Here’s an overview of her life and political career:

Biography of Mayawati
Biography of Mayawati

Early Life and Education:

Mayawati was born into a Dalit family, facing social and economic challenges associated with the caste system in India. She earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1975 from Kalindi College, University of Delhi, and later completed her Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Delhi in 1977.

Entry into Politics:

Mayawati began her political career in the early 1980s when she joined the Bahujan Samaj Party, a political party dedicated to the rights and welfare of Dalits, Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes. She quickly rose through the ranks of the party due to her dedication and leadership skills.

Mayawati as Chief Ministership in Uttar Pradesh:

Mayawati served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, India’s most populous state, on four separate occasions. Her tenures were from June 3, 1995, to October 17, 1995; from March 21, 1997, to September 20, 1997; from May 3, 2002, to August 29, 2003; and from May 13, 2007, to March 15, 2012. During her terms, she implemented various social and economic welfare programs targeted towards the marginalized communities.

Bahan Kumari Mayawati family photo
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Social and Political Reforms of Mayawati:

Mayawati is known for her focus on social justice and her efforts to uplift the Dalit community. She introduced policies aimed at providing better education, healthcare, and employment opportunities for Dalits and other disadvantaged groups in Uttar Pradesh.
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Coalition Politics and National Ambitions:

While her political base has been primarily in Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati has also played a role in national politics. She has been a part of various coalition governments at the center and has served as a Member of Parliament in the Rajya Sabha (upper house) of the Indian Parliament.

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Achievements of Mayawati:

Since coming to power, Mayawati has tried to end the irregularities. The complaint was that the recruitment in several departments have been rigged. Mayawati also made strong efforts to make recruitment process in the institutions transparent. In the list of social reforms done by them, arrangements have been made to provide reservation to people of Backward and Dalit sections along with the upliftment of people of non-Dalit sections, resulting in seats for the people of the Dalit class in all the universities of Uttar Pradesh are reserved.


Mayawati’s legacy in Indian politics revolves around her advocacy for social justice, especially for Dalits and other marginalized communities. She is often regarded as a prominent Dalit leader who has made significant strides in Indian politics. Her leadership style and political decisions have been a subject of both praise and criticism, and she remains a polarizing figure in Indian political discourse.
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